ܧҧ 25

ڧݧԧ, ݧ ڧݧԧ

ڧݧ, ڧݧ ߧݧѧۧ. ߧݧѧڧ ڧݧԧ. ߧݧѧۧ-ܧߧݧѧڧ, ѧӧܧڧ ާ֧էڧܧ ӧѧҧѧߧߧ « ݧ֧ѧ ԧڧԧѧߧ». ѧӧݧ, ֧ۧ, ԧէܧڧ, ߧ. ѧ, ߧ ѧҧӧܧڧ ߧ ֧ѧߧӧ.

ҧѧӧݧ, ߧ ڧѧ ѧӧ «ѧߧ ѧҧݧ֧ܧ» ߧ ڧѧ « ҧէ» ڧѧڧݧ ѧҧܧӧܧԧ, ѧܧا ߧ ާ ݧڧܧ ֧ߧڧܧ ֧ѧߧӧ ߧ ҧ. ٧ߧѧ, ߧ ֧. ѧܧا ӧڧէ֧ ߧ֧ԧѧڧӧߧ ٧ӧ ݧاڧ֧ݧߧ ٧ӧ. ڧڧܧ. ٧ӧ ߧ ѧӧ, ѧҧܧӧܧԧ ֧ѧߧӧ ߧѧ֧ ӧ֧ާ ֧ߧ ѧܧѧݧߧ. էԧ. ֧ ڧ ӧѧ ѧէڧڧ, ֧ էݧا֧ ҧ էߧ֧ ٧.

֧ ҧ ӧէ֧ݧڧ ֧ҧ ڧѧߧ ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧ ܧ ٧֧ߧڧ:

֧ۧ, ѧӧݧ, ߧ, ԧܧڧ, ֧ۧԧѧߧڧ, ֧, ڧܧ, ݧѧߧ ֧ , ݧӧѧ ܧԧ ֧ ߧ ѧۧ. ڧا ҧէ ڧܧ ѧާڧݧڧ. ҧڧѧݧ ݧܧ ާ ٧ѧڧ, ӧݧ ݧ ѧ.

֧ݧ ާ. ݧѧӧߧ ܧѧڧߧܧ ӧ.

ӧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧԧ ާ֧ߧ ܧ ٧ѧߧ֧֧ߧ ڧܧڧ֧էڧ:
ߧէ֧֧ӧ, ݧ֧ܧ֧֧, ҧݧѧߧӧ, ѧܧ֧ݧ, ߧ֧ӧ, ֧ߧ֧, ߧէڧ֧ӧܧڧ, ߧѧߧ֧, ֧֧, ާ, ߧڧ, ֧ާ֧ӧ, ާݧ, ѧߧӧܧѧ-ҧӧڧ, ѧ٧ѧ, ѧݧ, ѧէڧ, ԧڧߧѧӧڧ, ڧߧ, קާ, ֧٧ܧڧ, ߧէڧ֧ӧܧѧ,ѧڧ, ֧ݧ֧ӧ-ܧ٧֧ާݧܧѧ, ֧֧֧, ֧, ѧڧ, اѧݧѧӧ, ڧ֧ߧҧѧ, ݧߧܧڧ, էѧݧק, ԧӧݧ֧ߧܧѧ, է, اӧڧ, ݧ֧֧ۧ, ۧܧ, ѧ, ߧէѧ֧ߧܧ, էӧܧѧ, ӧܧڧ, էߧ, ѧ, ݧѧ, ѧѧӧ, ֧֧٧ڧ, ѧڧݧ֧, ݧڧߧܧڧ, ѧڧݧ֧, ֧ܧܧ֧, ѧԧߧ֧, ݧѧӧ, ֧ߧԧ֧, ݧݧѧӧ֧է, ֧ۧߧܧ, ֧ݧڧܧӧܧڧ, ֧ߧէ, ۧܧߧܧڧ, ݧߧ, ۧܧ, ѧާ֧٧, ֧ݧ֧, ݧէڧ, ߧڧ, ѧߧ٧֧, ֧ݧݧ֧֧ۧ, ԧܧڧ, ݧ֧ܧѧߧէ, ѧ֧, ѧݧ֧ڧ, ѧӧ, ڧݧߧѧ, ڧݧ, ܧѧߧ, ڧߧ֧ڧߧܧڧ, ڧ֧, ڧ֧ߧ֧֧ۧ, ݧӧ֧, ٧ާѧ, ѧߧڧ, ݧҧ֧ӧ, ֧ӧڧ, ѧӧէ, ާܧ, ֧, ڧҧ֧է, ҧߧڧ, ѧߧӧܧѧ, էߧ, ڧէ٧, اڧߧڧ, ҧӧܧڧ, ߧ, ԧ, ѧӧڧܧڧ, ҧӧڧߧ, ާ֧ݧߧӧ, ܧѧ֧ӧڧ, ԧڧէ֧, ԧ, ާѧܧ, ѧڧܧҧѧ֧, էѧ, ڧߧܧڧ, ۧܧ, ѧҧէڧ, ܧ, ѧݧܧڧߧ, ѧߧܧ, ֧֧, ѧا֧, ֧ۧԧѧߧڧ, ڧߧ֧ߧܧ, ڧߧ֧ߧܧ, ڧߧ֧ߧܧ, ѧӧݧק, ߧѧܧ, ٧ާѧۧݧ, ӧѧߧߧڧܧ, ӧѧߧ֧ߧܧ, ݧڧ, ԧӧ, ѧ֧, ѧ֧, ѧԧѧ, ݧ, ѧ-ѧݧڧ, ѧߧէҧӧڧ, ѧӧѧѧܧڧ, ѧݧѧ, ѧ, ѧӧ, ѧѧ֧ӧ-֧ߧԧ֧, ѧѧܧڧ, ֧է, ֧ܧ֧֧, ڧ, ݧѧ, ݧڧާ֧ߧܧ, ݧڧާ, ӧѧݧק, ӧѧݧ֧ӧܧڧ, ٧ݧ, ݧէߧѧ, ݧާڧߧܧڧ, ݧӧ, ݧާڧߧܧڧ, , ߧܧڧ, ߧڧݧ, , ֧ݧӧ, ѧӧܧ, ѧӧӧ, ֧ܧڧ, ߧ, ܧ, էӧ֧, ݧѧԧڧ, ѧҧܧӧܧڧ, ߧڧ, ѧ٧ѧ֧, ѧܧڧߧ, ѧڧ, ֧ҧ֧է֧ӧ, ֧ҧ֧էڧߧܧڧ, ֧ӧ, ֧ӧڧߧ, ֧ҧ֧է֧, ֧ӧڧ, ֧֧ۧ, ֧ߧ֧, ֧ߧӧ, ֧ߧ֧, ڧڧߧ, ڧӧѧ, ҧѧߧ, ڧܧ, ݧҧѧߧӧܧڧ, ֧ҧ֧էڧߧܧڧ, ҧӧܧڧ, ާ, ߧڧݧӧ, ԧڧߧӧ, ڧ, ҧݧڧߧܧѧ, էڧ, ѧԧާ֧է, ѧڧ, ѧݧ֧֧, ѧӧ֧֧ӧ, ѧܧڧ, ѧڧߧܧѧ, ѧڧߧ, ާߧѧӧڧݧ, ֧ݧڧ-ѧѧ֧, ݧ֧ܧ֧֧, ܧ, ֧ݧѧӧ, ܧڧ.

ڧ ѧާڧݧڧ ߧ ѧݧѧӧڧߧ էܧ:

ѧڧܧҧѧ֧, ҧߧڧ, ѧӧӧ, ֧֧֧, ߧէڧ֧ӧܧڧ, ѧݧܧڧߧ, ۧܧ, ֧ܧܧ֧, ݧ֧ܧѧߧէ, ѧԧߧ֧, ԧܧڧ, ڧߧ֧ߧܧ, ֧ӧ, ѧӧݧק, ڧڧߧ, ѧڧݧ֧, ԧڧߧѧӧڧ, ܧ, ڧ, ѧӧѧѧܧڧ, ݧݧѧӧ֧է, ѧ֧, ѧ֧, ڧҧ֧է, ԧڧߧӧ, ӧѧߧߧڧܧ, ԧڧէ֧, ҧѧߧ, ߧڧݧӧ, ݧӧ֧, ҧӧܧڧ, ѧߧӧܧѧ-ҧӧڧ, ҧӧܧڧ, ݧѧ, ѧܧ֧ݧ, ڧߧ֧ߧܧ, ֧ݧ֧ӧ-ܧ٧֧ާݧܧѧ, ֧ߧԧ֧, ֧֧ۧ, ѧѧܧڧ, ڧߧ֧ڧߧ ܧڧ, էӧ֧, ߧڧ, ݧѧӧ, ӧѧߧ֧ߧܧ, ֧٧ܧڧ, ݧާڧߧܧڧ, ާ֧ݧߧӧ, ѧӧ֧֧ӧ, ѧӧ, ѧ-ѧݧڧ, ߧڧ, էѧݧק, ݧէڧ, ѧӧڧܧڧ, ӧܧڧ, ܧڧ, ѧ֧, ѧݧѧ, ݧ, ݧӧ, ߧѧܧ, ݧҧѧߧӧܧڧ, ѧѧӧ, ѧէڧ, ݧ֧ܧ֧֧, ԧ, ߧѧߧ֧, ѧߧܧ, ݧҧ֧ӧ, ѧߧէҧӧڧ, ֧ݧڧ-ѧѧ֧, էߧ, ӧѧݧק, ѧԧާ֧է, ѧߧ٧֧, ֧ݧѧӧ, ݧէߧѧ, ڧ, ѧڧ, ݧ֧ܧ֧֧, ѧӧܧ, ݧާڧߧܧڧ, ѧӧէ, ѧڧߧ, ѧܧڧ, ݧѧԧڧ, ѧݧ֧ڧ, ѧ, ݧڧߧܧڧ, ѧݧ֧֧, , է, ۧܧ, ާѧܧ, ѧާ֧٧, ٧ާѧۧݧ, ֧֧٧ڧ, ֧֧, էӧܧѧ, ڧߧ֧ߧܧ, ֧է, ڧ֧ߧҧѧ, ߧ֧ӧ, ާ, էѧ, ԧӧ, ѧܧڧߧ, ڧܧ, ѧڧݧ֧, ާߧѧӧڧݧ, ѧߧڧ, ߧ, ֧ӧڧߧ, ֧ݧ֧, ۧܧ, ҧݧڧߧܧѧ, ҧݧѧߧӧ, ߧܧڧ, ߧ, ڧ֧, اӧڧ, ԧ, ֧ӧڧ, ֧ߧ֧, ڧէ٧, ܧѧ֧ӧڧ, ާܧ, ݧڧާ, ֧ݧݧ֧֧ۧ, էڧ, , ֧ۧԧѧߧڧ, ֧ҧ֧էڧߧܧڧ, ҧӧڧߧ, ܧ, ާݧ, ѧѧ֧ӧ-֧ߧԧ֧, ѧҧܧӧܧڧ, ֧ݧڧܧӧܧڧ, ڧӧѧ, ߧڧݧ, ާ, ԧӧݧ֧ߧܧѧ, ݧߧܧڧ, ֧ߧ֧, ۧܧߧܧڧ, ܧ, ѧ, ߧڧ, קާ, ѧݧ, ݧѧ, ѧԧѧ, اѧݧѧӧ, ڧ֧ߧ֧֧ۧ, էߧ, ѧ٧ѧ֧, ߧէ֧֧ӧ, ѧ ֧, ݧߧ, ݧڧ, اڧߧڧ, ֧ܧڧ, ѧҧէڧ, ܧѧߧ, ֧ߧӧ, ݧ֧֧ۧ, ֧, ݧڧާ֧ߧܧ, ֧ۧߧܧ, ٧ݧ, ߧէڧ֧ӧܧѧ, ֧ҧ֧էڧߧܧڧ, ֧ߧ֧, ӧѧݧ֧ӧܧڧ, ֧ܧ֧֧, ֧ާ֧ӧ, ֧֧, ѧڧߧܧѧ, ڧݧߧѧ, ѧڧ, ڧݧ, ڧߧܧڧ, ֧ӧڧ, ֧ҧ֧է֧, ѧڧ, ѧ, ѧڧ, ߧէѧ֧ߧܧ, ѧӧ, ٧ާѧ, ֧ݧӧ, ֧, ѧߧӧܧѧ, ѧ٧ѧ, ڧߧ, ֧ҧ֧է֧ӧ, ֧ߧէ.

ӧ ڧ ܧߧڧ, ߧ֧ ߧ ާڧ ݧҧڧާ ٧ѧڧѧߧߧ է է, ֧ݧ ڧݧԧڧ ߧ ݧܧ ߧѧܧ ߧ ԧէߧ, ֧ ӧ ާا֧ ҧ֧էڧ ѧާ. , ֧ߧߧ, ߧ֧ ӧѧ ާاߧ ߧѧۧ ֧է֧ݧڧ ѧާڧ ڧܧ:

֧ۧڧݧԧڧ
ԧ֧ڧ
ڧݧԧ-֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧ ӧاէ֧ߧڧ ݧڧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ֧ ݧ
֧է ާѧ֧ާѧڧ֧ܧ ҧѧҧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧ߧ֧էاާ֧ߧ
ҧѧ ߧ֧ӧݧԧڧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧ֧ӧݧԧڧ. 3 ާѧ. 2
ڧ ڧܧ -ڧݧԧڧ
ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ѧҧڧݧڧѧڧ. ާݧ֧ܧߧ է
֧ާѧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ֧ܧѧ էڧѧԧߧڧܧ ߧ֧ӧݧԧڧ: ݧ֧ܧڧ
֧ݧӧ֧ ܧѧ ֧էާ֧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧ֧ӧݧԧڧ ֧ާڧڧܧ ڧ֧ܧѧ էڧѧԧߧڧܧ
֧ܧڧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ާ֧էڧܧ ѧڧݧԧڧ ڧ ڧާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ
٧ѧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ֧ܧݧԧڧ ڧ֧ѧڧ ֧ܧѧݧߧ ѧۧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧߧӧܧ
֧ާ֧ߧڧ. ܧӧէӧ էݧ ӧѧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ.
ӧݧڧߧڧ ԧݧէѧߧڧ ߧ ߧ֧ӧߧ ֧ߧ
֧ܧڧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ. ߧ֧ܧ ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
ҧ֧ڧӧߧ-ҧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧӧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ
֧֧ݧߧ. ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ڧߧ
ڧڧ֧ܧ ٧էӧ ܧѧ֧ӧ اڧ٧ߧ ӧѧ֧
ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧڧ
ݧܧԧݧߧѧ ާ֧ߧ
֧ܧڧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧܧԧݧߧ ҧ֧ާ ާѧڧ֧ܧԧ ѧڧߧѧ
ѧӧߧڧ ڧݧԧ ѧҧ ܧڧ٧ڧߧ ڧѧڧ
ݧܧԧݧߧ ѧܧ ܧڧާڧߧѧݧߧ ѧԧ֧ڧ ѧѧԧ֧ڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧѧڧ ӧ֧ڧ
֧ӧاߧ է֧֧ڧӧߧ ѧۧӧ: ܧާҧڧէߧ ֧ѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧էڧܧ ܧ֧ߧߧԧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ѧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧӧѧ֧ݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ
֧ӧڧѧߧݧԧڧ
ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧѧ ѧڧާާ֧ڧ ާ٧ԧ. ڧ է֧ۧӧڧ֧ݧߧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧ էէ ѧ٧ѧҧܧ էܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧ էڧѧԧߧ ڧܧ ߧ֧ۧէ֧ԧ֧ߧ֧ѧڧӧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ
ҧѧ ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ۧէ֧ԧ֧ߧ֧ѧڧӧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ: ԧ֧ߧާ է ֧ݧߧԧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ާ. 1
֧ܧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
٧ԧӧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ֧ߧܧ ڧԧߧѧݧ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ѧԧѧݧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧէѧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ߧ֧ۧߧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާѧ֧ڧߧӧ
ܧӧէӧ ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧ ާ֧اݧѧߧ ѧڧާާ֧ڧ
֧ܧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧ֧ԧ֧ڧ֧ܧѧ ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ ާ٧ԧ
ѧާѧߧڧ٧: ߧݧԧڧ, ڧݧԧڧ, ڧ֧ߧڧܧ
֧ۧ. ҧѧҧܧ ڧԧߧѧݧ. ݧѧڧߧ. է֧ݧڧӧѧߧڧ: ߧէѧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ܧӧէӧ
.. ԧܧڧ
ڧާѧڧܧ
ѧާߧѧҧݧէ֧ߧڧ
ѧ֧ߧڧ ڧѧݧߧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧܧӧ
ݧڧߧڧܧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ܧ էڧѧԧߧڧܧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ܧݧߧ֧ԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ է֧֧ էܧ ԧѧߧڧ֧ܧ ߧ֧էѧߧ ާ٧ԧ
ڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ߧ֧ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧ֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ߧڧߧ ާ֧էڧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧҧ ڧ֧ݧ. ߧڧԧ 1
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧѧܧݧԧڧ
ݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ٧֧ߧڧ: ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ էݧ ӧѧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ ѧ٧ݧڧڧ
է֧ߧڧߧ ߧާ ѧݧԧڧ
100 ܧ٧ѧާ֧ߧѧڧߧߧ ӧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧѧܧ֧ѧ ݧէ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ڧ٧֧ߧڧ. ݧڧߧڧܧ, էڧѧԧߧڧܧ, ݧ֧֧ߧڧ
ݧѧԧ ѧѧߧ. ѧѧէܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧ֧ڧ
ڧ֧ѧڧ. ѧѧ
֧ӧ٧
ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ѧާ
֧ܧڧ ֧֧ҧѧݧߧ ѧѧݧڧ
ҧѧߧڧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧ 6 ާѧ. 4. ѧ 2. ҧݧ֧ާ ӧ٧ѧ
֧ܧڧ ֧֧ҧѧݧߧ ѧѧݧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ӧ, ܧ֧ѧڧӧߧ, էѧ֧ߧߧ
ܧӧէӧ ߧ֧ӧݧԧڧ ѧߧߧ֧ԧ է֧ܧԧ ӧ٧ѧ
ڧݧԧڧ. ѧܧڧ ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
֧ܧڧ ֧֧ҧѧݧߧ ѧѧݧڧ
ܧ֧ާѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
٧: ܧ, ߧܧڧ, ѧݧԧڧ, ڧڧܧ. 1
֧ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ۧڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ ڧ֧ާߧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ڧߧڧ ҧ֧ߧڧ, ߧӧѧߧߧ ߧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧-ܧѧ٧ާڧߧ ڧ ݧ ֧ԧݧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ڧѧݧ֧ܧڧܧ ݧ
֧ܧѧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ֧էڧѧڧ
ާ֧ܧѧݧڧ٧
ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ. ֧ۧҧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧܧߧާ֧ߧ
֧ڧ ݧڧߧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ڧݧڧ, ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧ ԧڧܧ
ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ ߧ֧ӧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ ֧ߧߧ ڧ֧
ߧӧ ާߧݧԧڧ. ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧ۧڧާڧ ڧܧݧ ?ҧէӧӧѧߧڧ-?
֧էҧݧ֧٧ߧ֧ߧߧ ߧڧ ԧѧߧڧߧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧӧ
ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ӧߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ. ѧԧѧݧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ֧է֧ݧѧާ ߧ֧֧էӧ֧ߧߧ ڧߧާѧڧ
ҧѧ ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧ӧߧ ڧ֧ާ
ҧݧ֧ާ ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ܧ
֧ܧѧݧ ާ٧ԧ. ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާѧ ӧާ֧ߧԧ է֧ۧӧڧ ֧֧اڧӧѧߧڧ
ڧݧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧߧѧ ֧ܧѧݧԧڧ. 1
ѧܧ ڧݧԧڧ (1)
֧ܧѧݧԧڧ. ѧӧߧڧ
ڧߧ ֧ ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ ڧѧݧߧ ֧է
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧է ֧ѧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ߧ֧֧ڧާ
ݧѧ. ֧ӧߧѧ ڧ֧ާ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ. ֧ߧڧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ
ѧߧ֧ߧէ֧ߧѧݧߧѧ ߧܧڧ
ѧ֧ߧڧ ֧ է֧֧ ֧֧ҧѧݧߧ ѧѧݧڧ
ߧӧ ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ
ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧֧ӧ ߧܧڧ ҧݧߧ ѧ٧ߧާ ާѧާ ѧѧ٧ڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧֧اڧӧѧߧڧ
ڧѧ ߧ֧ӧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ߧ֧ӧ٧ѧ
ߧ ڧէ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧ֧ܧڧ ڧڧѧڧ է֧ܧԧ ӧ٧ ѧ. 3
֧֧ڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧ ѧڧާާ֧ڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧԧ ݧڧߧ
ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧѧ ѧڧާާ֧ڧ ڧѧݧԧڧ ѧԧӧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ާ٧ԧ
֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ݧاߧ ߧڧ ߧѧܧݧԧڧ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ӧѧݧڧڧܧѧڧߧߧ ѧҧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧է ܧߧ ڧާѧڧܧ
ݧҧڧߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ߧӧѧ ڧܧ
ڧާѧڧ֧ܧѧ ֧ѧڧ
֧ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ۧڧݧԧڧ ֧ާ֧ѧާ֧ߧ
֧ާѧڧ ܧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧڧէѧݧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ: ڧݧԧڧ ѧܧߧѧ ҧݧӧݧ֧ߧߧ
ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧӧ
ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧߧߧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
֧էڧܧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ӧاէ֧ߧڧ ֧ڧѧݧߧ ֧ѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ܧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ
ڧڧէѧݧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ѧէէڧܧ ڧ էӧ֧ߧߧڧܧ
ڧѧߧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧѧ ѧҧ ڧާӧݧѧާ ߧӧڧէ֧ߧڧ ѧߧѧ٧ڧ
ѧ
֧ڧ٧ӧ֧էѧߧߧ
ڧڧ٧ڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ѧԧ֧ߧ֧٧ ݧӧ ԧѧݧݧڧߧѧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧާݧ֧ߧ ٧
ߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ܧѧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ѧާ٧ߧѧߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧
ݧ֧ӧ ҧ֧٧ާڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 2. ҧ֧ܧ է֧֧ݧߧ. ߧڧԧ 2
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧ֧ܧڧ ڧڧѧڧ է֧ܧԧ ӧ٧ѧ. 2
ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
֧ާڧߧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ֧ߧާ֧ߧݧԧڧ֧ܧ էڧѧԧߧڧܧ
ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧߧ-ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ٧ѧڧ ݧڧߧ
֧ҧܧߧӧ֧ߧߧ ֧֧ӧڧ ҧ֧٧ާڧ ҧѧߧ: ֧ѧ ֧.
֧ۧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ֧ѧҧڧݧڧѧڧ ҧݧߧ
ڧ ݧէ֧. ٧ԧݧ ڧ XXI ӧ֧ܧ.
ҧݧ֧ާ ӧߧڧ֧ާ֧ۧߧ ѧԧ֧ڧ
ҧѧߧڧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧ 6 ާѧ. 6. ѧߧ ߧѧݧ֧էӧ
ѧާ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧԧѧݧܧ
ѧҧڧܧ ҧ֧٧ާڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧާ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
ڧާѧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ ٧էӧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ. ߧ֧ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
֧ܧڧ ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧ ѧڧާާ֧ڧ ާ٧ԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާӧ֧ߧߧ ѧݧԧ ܧݧߧڧܧ
ڧ٧ڧߧ ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ. ݧ. ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧѧ ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧѧ ߧѧܧ
֧ڧߧѧݧߧ ӧԧѧߧڧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧڧ ѧҧߧڧܧ
֧ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧէڧߧѧާڧ֧ܧѧ ڧڧѧڧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ݧܧԧݧڧ٧ . ܧӧէӧ էݧ ӧѧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ڧէ
ާ֧ܧѧݧߧ. ֧ӧ֧ߧߧѧ ڧڧ
ڧ ֧ڧ ڧݧԧڧ. էӧ ާѧ. 1
֧ܧѧݧԧڧ. ڧѧڧߧߧ ٧ѧէѧ
ڧݧԧڧ էا֧ӧ֧ߧߧԧ ӧ֧ӧ
ߧӧ էڧѧԧߧڧܧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ٧ߧѧӧѧ֧ݧߧ ֧
֧ӧ٧: ܧӧէӧ էݧ ӧѧ֧
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ҧݧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ էѧ֧ߧߧ
ڧէڧߧѧާڧ֧ܧڧ ާէ֧ݧ ڧڧѧڧ
ԧ֧ڧ. ڧڧߧ, ݧ֧էӧڧ ܧߧݧ
ڧ֧ѧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ߧ֧ѧڧӧߧ, ڧݧ ѧ ߧѧݧѧاէѧ ֧էӧ ԧԧ
ڧԧ֧ߧߧ ѧۧӧ է֧֧ էܧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧڧѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧڧݧڧѧڧ ѧҧ ܧݧߧԧ ڧ֧ݧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ. 2
֧ڧ ӧڧڧ
ڧާѧڧܧ, ӧ٧ѧڧާӧ٧ ڧڧܧ ٧էӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧
֧ӧ٧ ڧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ
֧ߧߧ ԧߧ٧ڧӧѧߧڧ է֧֧ݧߧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ާѧڧݧԧڧ. ֧ާѧڧ
ѧ֧ڧѧݧ ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ. ֧ڧ ݧڧߧ. ѧ 2
ݧڧߧڧ֧ ܧѧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ
֧ڧ ݧ ڧѧݧߧ ߧѧܧѧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧ: ֧ڧ ݧڧߧ
ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧѧ ا֧ߧܧѧ ֧ܧѧݧԧڧ
է ڧѧ
ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧѧ ѧߧѧާڧ ߧ֧ӧߧ ڧ֧ާ
֧է ߧڧ֧ܧ ܧܧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧӧ
֧ӧڧէڧާ ѧߧ֧
֧ۧڧݧԧڧ է֧ܧԧ ӧ٧ѧ
ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ֧էѧԧԧ
ߧӧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧӧߧ ֧ѧҧڧݧڧѧڧ
֧ڧ ٧ܧ
ҧѧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ֧ާѧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧڧڧܧ էݧ ڧݧԧ
ߧӧ ܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ߧڧ ԧѧڧ
ߧӧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ
ڧ٧ߧ֧ۧܧ ݧڧߧ
֧֧ߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ҧݧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧԧ֧ڧӧߧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
֧ԧݧߧ ڧ֧ާ ԧѧߧڧ٧ާ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
֧ ѧӧާ
I ֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ ѧާ .. ڧ
ڧݧԧڧ է֧ܧԧ ӧ֧ӧ
ѧ ӧ֧ߧ ֧
֧ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ѧߧާѧݧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ݧڧߧ
֧ ӧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧڧܧ ڧڧѧ
ѧۧߧ ڧߧڧߧܧ
ѧ ܧѧ ڧާѧ
ݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
ѧ ڧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ާѧڧ֧ ܧڧ ߧ֧ӧߧ-ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ ܧڧҧ֧ߧ֧ڧܧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ ӧѧߧӧڧ֧ݧߧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ҧߧѧ ߧ ٧֧ܧѧݧ
٧ܧ ާ٧ԧ: ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ѧѧէܧ ڧߧڧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ
ݧ է֧ۧӧڧ (ڧݧԧڧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ)
ڧ֧ѧڧ ѧܧ
ѧ ڧ ާ, ߧ ֧ߧ
ڧާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ. ݧߧ ѧӧߧڧ
SFBT: ڧ֧ߧڧӧѧߧߧѧ ߧ ֧֧ߧڧ ܧѧܧߧѧ ֧ѧڧ
֧ӧڧ֧ܧѧ ݧڧߧ ߧѧ֧ԧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ
ާ٧
ߧӧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ҧ ֧ӧߧ
֧ܧڧߧߧ, ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧڧ ѧէѧڧڧ ڧԧ
֧֧٧ѧԧ٧ ާ٧. ֧֧ߧڧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧڧ ܧߧݧڧܧ
ѧ֧ӧ ܧڧߧԧ. ڧ ѧܧڧܧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧-ܧڧߧԧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧. 3 ާѧ. 1. ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧
, ڧԧѧۧ ܧ! ֧էݧԧڧ ܧڧߧԧӧ ڧԧ
٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧߧ ߧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ܧݧ. ֧ާѧڧ
ߧӧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧԧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ѧާ֧ԧݧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧڧ: ֧ߧާ֧ߧݧԧڧ, ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ, ٧ѧܧߧާ֧ߧ
֧ڧߧѧݧߧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧԧ ѧߧӧ
ڧ է֧֧ڧ. ѧ֧ߧڧ ڧ ҧݧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ߧ֧էѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ݧ. ֧ާ ֧ݧӧ֧ ӧҧڧѧ֧ ֧ާߧ ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ԧէ ѧ ҧ ѧݧڧӧ ާ֧ԧѧݧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧ֧ܧڧ
ڧѧ ԧߧ ѧ էԧڧ ߧڧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧߧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ާԧѧ ֧ѧ ݧاߧ ٧ѧէѧ
֧է ܧݧԧѧڧ
ݧ է֧ݧ! 9 ѧԧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧѧ֧ ާ֧
ݧ ٧ڧ֧ݧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧܧڧ
ߧӧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ էݧ ҧѧܧѧݧѧӧ
ѧߧѧ٧ڧ ֧ѧݧߧ (ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ߧѧӧӧ֧ߧߧ)
ߧѧۧ ֧ާ ާ ߧ ٧ߧѧ֧ ֧ҧ ѧ, ܧѧ ߧѧ ܧѧا֧, ֧ާ ֧ݧڧӧ ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ҧ ާԧѧ֧ էҧڧ ֧ ѧҧ اڧ٧ߧ
ѧԧ֧էڧ ѧާݧ֧, ڧߧ ѧܧ . ֧ܧڧ
ߧԧާ֧ߧ ѧߧѧݧڧ էѧߧߧ էݧ ڧݧԧ
ѧߧӧܧ ҧݧ֧ާ ڧݧԧ ڧާ
ӧܧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ. ѧ ڧߧڧާѧ ֧֧ߧڧ, ܧ ӧ ߧ اѧݧ֧֧
ҧݧ֧ާ ҧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ߧѧܧ
ҧ֧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ֧ҧ. ٧ߧѧѧ֧ ҧ ѧ֧ڧӧߧ
ӧݧڧߧߧ ӧӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ҧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ҧ ݧէާ. ѧ ҧ ҧ֧ ݧէ֧. ӧ֧ ڧݧԧ
ڧߧ. ֧ڧ, ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ, ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧ
ڧ ߧ֧ӧ֧֧ߧߧ: ڧݧ ݧڧ
ԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ߧѧܧ. ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. 2- ާѧ. 2
֧ާ ާا֧ ӧ. ѧ ѧߧڧ ֧ާ ֧֧ ܧѧ֧
ҧӧ ӧݧ
ߧڧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ. ֧ҧߧ ާ֧է ѧާӧ֧֧ߧӧӧѧߧڧ
ܧڧ ҧڧ
10 ܧӧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ էݧ ӧ٧ӧߧԧ ѧܧڧ ӧѧ֧ԧ ֧ߧڧѧݧ
֧է֧ݧѧާ ڧڧܧ
ܧۧ ܧ! ѧ ӧڧ ߧӧ ӧ٧ާاߧ ӧ اڧ٧ߧ: ߧڧԧ-֧ߧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ԧէӧ էڧߧ֧ߧڧ
ѧݧԧڧ XXI ӧ֧ܧ
ާݧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ: ܧߧ ߧէѧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ڧݧڧ ӧ ڧݧ? ڧߧ
ݧԧ֧ҧ ܧߧݧڧܧ
ݧاߧ: ѧ ާ اڧӧ֧, ѧҧѧ֧, ݧҧڧ
ڧѧ֧ݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧ֧ڧ ٧էӧ, ҧԧѧӧ ѧ, ڧݧ٧ ڧݧ է٧ߧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ
֧ߧ֧ ڧӧܧ. 81 ֧֧ѧ է֧ۧӧӧѧ ߧ ѧӧڧݧ էڧ ӧڧ ֧ݧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧڧԧڧ
PR-ӧ٧ ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ
֧ާѧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ
ڧݧ ڧާ֧? ڧݧԧڧ ܧݧ ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ
ڧѧߧѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ާڧߧ ߧڧ
ݧѧ ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ ާѧߧڧݧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ӧԧ ݧڧ
ѧ֧ߧڧӧ ܧѧ ߧ֧ ҧ
էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧߧѧݧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ާ ӧݧ֧ܧѧ. ѧ ѧ٧ߧѧ ڧߧէ է֧ڧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ ӧ٧ݧ է֧֧ ߧڧާ է֧ݧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧ ڧѧڧ
֧֧ ѧ. ڧߧڧާѧۧ ֧ҧ ѧ٧ է֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧާ֧ѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ݧڧߧ
֧֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧էڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ ڧѧݧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧ٧ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ. 1
ߧԧ֧ ҧڧۧ. ڧܧѧڧ ާ٧ԧ, ڧ٧ާ֧ߧڧӧѧ ާ֧էڧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧާߧ֧ߧڧ
֧֧٧ѧԧ٧ܧ. ֧֧ڧ ӧ ڧڧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ اڧ٧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧߧ ֧ݧڧԧڧ ڧݧڧ
ӧݧ֧ܧѧۧ ާ֧ߧ! ѧ ѧߧ ӧܧ ܧߧ֧ߧѧڧ ߧ֧ާ ߧ ߧ
ӧ ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ڧܧӧ
50+ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ߧڧ ߧ ܧѧاէ է֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧ߧ֧էاާ֧ߧ. ѧ է֧ݧѧ ܧѧ֧. ѧ ڧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ
ѧԧѧݧܧ ڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧߧӧ ӧ ާݧ. 9 ߧӧߧ ڧߧڧ ѧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ӧҧ֧֧. ֧֧ߧڧ, ܧ ٧ѧӧڧڧ ӧ اڧ٧ߧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ѧ ӧ֧ڧ ֧ҧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧҧܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧڧԧڧ ާڧڧڧ٧ާ
֧ާ֧ۧߧ ѧۧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧ֧ާѧݧߧ ڧѧڧ
ѧ ҧ ڧߧ֧֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧ ާڧѧߧڧ
٧ܧ ާ٧ԧ. ѧӧڧݧ ԧѧާߧڧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ
ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ
֧ާ ާߧ ݧէ ӧ֧ѧ ԧݧ, ܧѧ ߧ ѧ ܧѧܧѧ ڧӧ֧
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ֧ާѧߧڧܧ
֧٧ѧ٧ݧڧߧ ާѧ֧. ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ѧ էڧ֧ݧܧ ߧ֧ݧҧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧܧ
ܧӧ ԧӧڧ ݧѧ
ܧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧ ҧէ֧ާ. ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ էݧ ݧ٧ӧѧ֧ݧ ѧ֧ߧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧ֧
ҧ֧ܧ ҧ֧ܧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ
ѧ ڧ٧ҧѧӧڧ ާѧߧڧݧ. ѧܧѧ ӧ٧ާاߧ!
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ ܧѧڧӧߧ ҧ֧٧ѧߧ
ӧ֧ԧ ֧է. ѧ ݧѧ, էէ֧اڧӧѧ, ֧ѧ ߧ ѧѧڧ ֧ҧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ ߧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧߧѧݧڧ ֧ܧ. ڧ֧ާߧ է ܧާ֧ߧѧ ֧ѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ڧݧԧڧ, ܧڧާڧߧݧ
ߧا֧ߧ֧ߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ڧڧӧߧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ. ѧ ߧѧӧ֧ԧէ ڧ٧ҧѧӧڧ ӧ֧էߧ ڧӧ֧
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ާݧ
ѧ ߧ ٧ѧҧݧէڧ ݧѧҧڧڧߧ ڧާѧڧܧ , ӧۧ ڧ ߧ֧ԧ!
ڧ֧ާߧ ڧѧߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ էڧ٧ڧڧߧߧԧ ڧާڧ٧ާ
ڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ѧڧ ާڧߧѧݧߧ ֧
ާڧߧѧߧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ڧߧѧާڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧ ާѧߧڧݧڧ. ӧ֧ ڧݧԧ
ݧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧڧߧ. ܧӧ ާԧߧӧ֧ߧߧԧ ҧ֧اէ֧ߧڧ
ѧܧڧܧ ҧ֧, ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧܧݧѧէߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ ѧ ֧ߧ֧
֧ܧڧ- ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ݧѧߧ֧ ߧ֧ӧߧ. ѧ اڧ ާڧ ӧ֧ѧ֧ ѧߧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ. ѧԧѧݧܧ
֧էڧߧӧ ѧ٧ާ ֧է
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ֧ڧߧӧ ߧ֧ݧߧ ֧ާ
֧ݧӧ֧ܧ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ܧާڧ ҧ֧٧ߧ! ѧ ӧۧ ڧ ٧ѧާܧߧԧ ܧԧ ҧ֧ܧۧӧ ֧ӧԧ
ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ݧڧߧ
ڧݧ ӧݧڧߧڧ. ٧է֧ۧӧڧ ӧߧ ܧ
ާէ֧ߧڧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ާڧڧ֧ܧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ڧݧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ֧ڧ ѧڧ٧ާ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧ֧ߧ ֧է: ҧݧڧާڧ, ѧߧ֧ܧڧ, vomiting. ѧܧߧѧ ֧ѧڧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ڧ֧ӧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ڧ ٧ѧҧ֧اߧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ
ڧէ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ԧا֧ߧڧ ԧڧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧߧ ҧ ֧ԧ ֧էݧ֧ߧڧ.
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ѧߧݧԧڧ
ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ڧߧէާ ާڧߧѧݧߧԧ ӧԧѧߧڧ է֧٧ԧѧߧڧ٧ڧ ݧ֧էӧڧ ڧڧѧݧߧԧ ֧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ اڧ֧ݧ֧ ާ֧ԧѧݧڧ
ާ֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧ާѧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
اܧڧ ڧ ا֧ߧܧڧ ݧӧܧ. ڧ ѧӧߧڧ ѧ٧ߧѧӧѧߧڧ ݧا! ߧڧԧ-֧ߧѧا֧
ڧݧԧڧ ӧӧ
ڧ֧ާ ֧ۧݧ ѧߧ֧ԧ . ӧѧ֧ԧ ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧѧ
ߧڧ ӧڧէ ԧڧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ٧ܧѧݧߧ ҧߧ֧
ԧ ݧҧӧ. ֧ӧէڧ֧ݧ էݧ ֧ާ֧ ҧާ է֧ާ ֧, ܧ ڧէ֧ է
ڧ֧֧ߧڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ
֧ߧԧ ԧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. 7 ާѧ. 2. ֧ߧڧ ӧڧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 2. ҧ֧ܧ է֧֧ݧߧ. ߧڧԧ 3
ڧߧէڧߧѧާڧܧ ڧ֧ާ էާڧߧڧڧ ֧ҧߧ֧
֧էڧܧ ֧էѧӧѧߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ѧܧڧܧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ֧ ԧ. ѧ اڧ ҧ֧ӧ ҧ ӧҧէߧ ҧ֧ӧ
ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ҧߧڧ էݧ ӧ٧
֧ѧڧ
ѧܧڧܧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ֧ҧ. ߧڧԧ էݧ ѧҧ ߧѧ ҧ
֧ܧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ҧݧ֧ާѧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ڧէڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧڧ էݧ ӧ٧
ҧӧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧѧܧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ݧҧݧקߧߧ, ݧҧӧ, ٧ѧӧڧڧާ. ѧ ڧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧ ѧ?
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 3. ҧ֧ܧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ߧڧԧ 1
ѧާ֧ߧ ݧާѧ֧ ߧاߧڧ. ѧ ֧֧ڧڧ ܧԧ ԧէߧ: ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ
ߧڧާѧߧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ߧѧݧѧاէ֧ߧڧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧٧ѧڧ ߧܧ, ߧӧԧէߧڧ ҧ֧ѧߧڧ ֧ 97 ٧ѧԧѧէ ҧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ӧݧ֧ӧ ֧ԧݧڧ
55+. ݧ֧٧ߧ ӧ֧ էݧ ߧ֧ܧߧ اڧ٧ߧ ߧ ֧ߧڧ
ѧ֧ާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ا֧ܧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ. ֧ߧڧߧ ӧ֧էڧ ӧڧէ է֧֧ݧߧ ݧڧߧ
ܧާ֧ݧԧڧ ֧ݧԧڧ
ӧҧէ ֧ӧԧ. ѧӧ ֧ӧԧ, ܧ ߧ ߧ ѧѧӧڧݧѧ ҧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧڧߧӧڧڧ
ާڧߧѧݧߧ ֧. ѧ ާѧߧڧݧ ڧԧѧ ߧ ӧѧڧ ӧӧѧ
٧, ֧, ֧֧ӧѧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ѧܧ ֧ڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ
֧ݧ֧ߧڧ اڧ٧ߧ ާ֧
ߧڧݧԧڧ. ߧ֧ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
ݧէߧ. ֧ӧߧ. ٧ާ֧ߧ. ѧ ӧѧߧӧڧ ԧѧާߧڧ ֧ާ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ էݧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ܧ֧ѧڧӧߧ
ҧӧ ߧ֧ѧߧߧ ߧѧԧߧ֧
֧ݧӧ֧-ҧߧ, ڧݧ ߧ֧٧ӧڧާ ӧڧ
ߧڧݧԧڧ
ڧ٧ߧ ܧѧ ڧԧ ѧӧڧݧѧ ҧ֧ ѧӧڧ. ڧߧ ٧֧ܧѧݧ էҧ
ڧݧԧڧ. ѧԧѧݧܧ
էէ֧اܧ ҧ֧ߧڧ էڧ֧ݧ֧ է֧֧ ڧߧէާ է֧ڧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ ԧڧ֧ѧܧڧӧߧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ۧߧѧݧߧ ߧӧ ڧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ
ا ާ, ݧ ݧ֧٧ ڧߧ֧ӧ — 2011
ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ ֧ѧڧ ӧ֧ܧڧ ѧާӧѧا֧ߧڧ֧
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ڧӧѧڧ, ާڧ, ӧݧ
֧ܧڧ ҧ֧ߧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ܧݧߧڧܧ
ӧݧڧ ڧڧܧ
ѧӧ ӧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ӧ. ӧ֧, ާ֧ܧ ֧ާߧѧ ߧ է
ѧ ҧ֧էڧ ܧڧѧ֧ۧ
ڧ֧֧ߧڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧ ާ֧էڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ
ݧѧ ڧ ܧݧߧ ܧߧݧѧڧӧߧ ѧܧڧܧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ: ާڧ ӧӧ
֧ߧڧߧ + ڧ٧ܧݧ
ڧݧԧڧ է֧ݧӧ ߧ֧ߧڧ
֧ߧڧܧ ѧҧ ާ֧ѧڧ֧ܧڧާ ѧڧ ڧӧߧާ ܧѧѧާ
֧է֧ӧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
100 ҧ ڧ٧ҧ֧اѧ ߧ֧ڧߧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ: ֧ڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ڧӧѧڧߧߧ ֧ߧڧߧ
֧ڧ ݧڧߧ
ݧ
ڧҧڧԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ܧ֧ܧڧ ݧڧߧ
ѧݧڧӧާ ҧѧܧ. ѧ ٧էѧ ֧ާ, ܧ ާ֧ѧ
ڧڧ֧ܧѧ է֧ڧӧѧڧ է֧ܧ ӧ٧ѧ
ѧ ٧ߧѧܧާ էӧ. ѧ ѧ٧ߧѧ ڧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ާڧ 2009. 1
ӧڧ ߧ֧, ߧ ڧӧѧ ӧӧ ӧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ާڧ 2009. 3
էڧߧ֧ӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ާڧ 2009. 5
٧ڧڧӧߧѧ ڧѧڧߧѧݧߧ. ѧ ڧ٧ӧݧ֧ܧѧ ӧԧէ ڧ ӧڧ ߧ֧ݧԧڧߧ ܧ
֧է ڧ֧ާѧߧڧܧ
֧ާ ާ ѧܧڧ?
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ݧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧѧ֧ԧ ԧѧէ֧ҧ
ѧ֧ԧڧ اڧ٧ߧ
ڧҧߧ ԧѧާާڧӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧԧ ާ٧ԧ
ܧѧ, ӧ֧ܧѧ, ڧۧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧӧ! ѧ٧ԧӧ ѧާҧڧ֧ۧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧߧѧݧڧ ڧާڧߧѧߧڧ
֧! ѧ ҧ, ֧ݧ ߧ ֧ اڧ
ҧѧߧڧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧ 6 ާѧ. 2. ҧݧ֧ާ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
100 ݧڧ ڧԧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧ. XX ӧ֧
֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ѧ
֧ߧѧݧߧѧ ܧ էڧߧѧާڧܧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧӧߧԧ ާڧ ݧڧߧ
ާӧ ҧ . ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ էԧӧܧ
ާ٧ԧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧڧ֧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
֧ߧݧԧڧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧-֧ߧڧߧԧ
ڧڧڧ
ڧާڧ٧: ߧӧѧ ԧѧާާ էݧ ݧ֧ߧڧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ էڧߧ֧ӧ
ѧڧ ܧѧڧӧ ӧѧ!
֧ҧߧѧ է֧֧ݧߧ է֧ߧ. ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧ ֧ߧ
ԧӧѧ է֧֧ݧߧ էܧݧߧڧܧ ٧ѧէ֧اܧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ
ӧڧا֧ߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧԧ ԧݧѧ٧
ߧڧԧ ѧ
֧ѧݧ-ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ާݧѧէڧ ܧݧߧڧܧ
٧ߧѧߧڧ ܧѧ ѧѧէܧ
111 ҧѧ֧ էݧ է֧ܧڧ ڧݧԧ
ѧާڧߧѧߧڧ ٧ѧܧߧ֧ߧߧ ߧ֧٧ѧܧߧ֧ߧߧ է֧ۧӧڧ
ߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧ, ֧ާ է֧. ֧ ߧ ߧ ӧѧէ֧ҧߧ ѧ
٧ѧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ߧ ٧֧ݧ
֧ѧ٧ڧާ ܧާݧڧާ֧ߧ. ֧٧ܧѧ٧ߧ ڧ֧ާ ӧݧڧߧڧ
ڧ֧ڧߧߧ ѧߧѧݧڧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ӧѧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ާѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާڧ: ӧӧ ܧߧݧ֧
٧ҧѧߧߧ ڧݧܧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ է
ѧ է֧ӧܧ ߧѧڧߧѧ֧ ӧڧԧӧѧ֧!
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ܧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧ڧߧѧݧڧ٧
էѧѧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ѧ ާ ֧ާ, ܧ ֧֧٧ߧ ҧݧ֧ ֧ҧ֧ߧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧ 2
ԧ֧ڧӧߧ է֧
֧ܧڧ ѧߧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧ ֧ݧ֧
ߧ ߧԧڧѧߧ
ѧܧڧܧ ܧ֧ܧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ է֧֧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧާ ݧ
٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ ڧݧԧ ֧էѧԧԧ ֧ҧߧ ֧
֧ߧڧߧԧ ѧާ٧էӧݧ֧ߧڧ ѧާ٧ڧէѧߧڧ
ڧۧܧڧ ާ֧ߧѧݧڧ֧. ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ
ԧ֧ߧߧѧ ֧ߧڧӧܧ
֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ܧڧ ߧѧӧӧ֧ߧߧ ڧէ֧ѧݧ
ݧ ܧӧ ާѧ֧ڧߧܧ ݧҧӧ
ڧ ֧ڧ ڧݧԧڧ. էӧ ާѧ. 2
ѧѧէܧ ӧҧ. ֧ާ ҧݧ ٧ߧѧڧ ާ֧ߧ
ѧӧݧ֧ߧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ݧڧߧ اڧ٧ߧڡ ӧ֧ ڧݧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ߧڧ ڧߧѧߧߧ ٧ܧѧ ܧݧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧڧܧ. ֧اݧڧߧߧ ߧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ ߧ֧էѧ
֧ߧڧߧ ѧէѧѧڧ ӧߧاէ֧ߧߧ ڧԧѧߧ
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ ӧ֧ߧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
֧֧ڧ ٧է֧ ҧݧ ߧ اڧӧ֧
֧٧ާڧ ֧ԧ ҧ
ѧէۧ! ֧٧ѧ! ѧ! ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ߧӧߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ߧ֧ۧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ
ѧܧڧܧ է֧ܧ ڧܧ֧ܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ. էէ, ާէ֧ݧ, ֧
֧ ӧ֧ ڧߧ. էܧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ٧էӧ
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ާާߧڧܧѧڧӧߧ ֧ߧڧߧ. ֧էѧԧԧ, ڧݧԧ, էڧ֧ݧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ާڧ ݧڧߧ ֧ԧ ҧ֧٧ѧߧ
֧ߧڧߧ ҧ֧ߧڧ ֧ҧ֧ߧܧ. ֧ڧ ѧߧߧ֧ԧ է֧ӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧݧ
ѧߧڧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ XXI ӧ֧ܧ. I
֧ߧԧ, ֧ܧ, էӧߧ էԧڧ ڧܧݧ֧ߧڧ
ҧѧ ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧܧڧܧ
ԧѧާާ ڧѧݧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ
ڧܧݧѧէߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ֧էߧ֧ԧ էӧڧߧԧ ӧߧ
ާڧڧ֧ܧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ѧ 3
ѧӧӧ֧ߧߧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ݧڧߧ
֧ߧѧڧ اڧ٧ߧ ݧէ֧. ܧݧ ڧܧ ֧ߧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ (֧ߧߧ-֧֧ڧӧߧ ֧)
ݧ ڧѧڧ ܧѧا֧ ߧ֧ѧ٧֧ڧާ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ڧݧԧڧ ާڧӧѧڧ ާڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ѧާ֧ݧߧ է֧ ֧
ا֧ԧէߧڧ ڧۧܧԧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ. 2
֧ߧڧߧ ݧڧߧߧԧ
ا֧ԧէߧڧ ڧۧܧԧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ. 4
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ ѧҧ ܧݧߧԧ ڧݧԧ
ا֧ԧէߧڧ ڧۧܧԧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ. 6
ڧݧԧڧ ާѧߧڧݧڧӧѧߧڧ. ާѧڧߧ֧ܧ ܧܧݧӧէ
ا֧ԧէߧڧ ڧۧܧԧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ. 8
֧ѧڧ ҧѧ٧
ާ֧, ާ٧, ٧ߧѧߧڧ: ֧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧ
ݧ֧ӧ ڧԧ ܧ֧ۧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧-֧ߧڧߧԧѧ
֧ݧӧ֧ ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧڧۧ. ֧ܧ ڧۧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
٧ѧا֧ ӧ֧, ֧ ԧѧ ֧ާߧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ ߧڧ֧ܧ ѧݧܧԧݧڧ٧ާ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ
٧ߧѧߧڧ ܧէڧӧѧߧڧ
ѧ ѧߧӧ ֧ާڧߧѧާ
ҧ֧ߧߧ ݧڧߧ ԧѧߧڧߧ ѧۧӧѧ ާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ
ߧݧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ է
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ѧܧڧܧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧԧާ֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ էܧѧ٧ܧ ߧ ܧѧاէ է֧ߧ
֧ߧߧѧ ڧߧا֧ߧ֧ߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧڧߧӧѧ է֧ݧѧ?
ѧܧڧܧ ڧߧا֧ߧ֧ߧ ڧݧԧڧ ڧݧԧڧ է
! ݧҧ ӧ اڧ٧ߧ. ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ
ҧߧڧ ѧҧ. 2011 ԧ
ܧާѧߧէҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ. ܧӧէӧ էݧ ֧ߧ֧
ҧߧڧ ѧҧ. 2012 ԧ
֧ѧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ߧڧߧ
ҧߧڧ ѧҧ. 2008-2010 ԧ.
ڧݧԧڧ ߧѧڧߧѧݧߧ ߧ֧֧ڧާ
ڧ֧ߧߧ էڧ֧ݧܧԧ ֧ڧ֧ݧӧ. ֧ާѧڧ
ڧ ާݧߧ ٧֧
ѧڧӧߧ ѧ. ߧѧݧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ާڧ
٧ѧڧާߧ֧ߧڧ էӧ֧ߧߧڧܧѧާ ԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧ߧ֧էاާ֧ߧ
ڧߧ֧ߧڧ ߧ ӧҧէߧ ֧ާ. ҧߧڧ ѧܧѧ٧
֧ܧڧ ѧڧ٧
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ էԧӧܧ ҧۧ
֧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧާ ҧ֧ߧڧ. ѧߧߧڧ է֧ܧڧ ѧڧ٧
ѧҧէ ܧާݧ֧ܧѧ ܧѧ ާاڧߧ, ҧէ ѧݧڧӧ ܧѧ ا֧ߧڧߧ
ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ էӧڧا֧ߧڧ
ѧ ߧڧ ֧ҧ ҧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ է. 2
ڧݧԧڧ . ݧ֧ܧڧ
ߧӧ ֧ڧ ֧֧ӧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ. ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ
ܧ ڧݧԧڧ. ڧѧߧ ٧ѧڧܧ ֧-ܧ֧ߧ
֧ߧݧԧڧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧԧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ܧ֧ܧڧ ާݧӧ ֧ԧݧڧ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧԧ է֧ӧڧѧߧߧ ݧڧߧ
ӧ֧ا֧ߧߧ ѧ٧
֧ݧ֧֧ާݧ֧ߧߧ ڧ֧ާѧ
ѧ٧ӧ ӧѧ֧ ӧҧѧا֧ߧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧڧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧ֧ ݧѧҧӧڧէڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧ ѧԧѧߧէ
ڧܧѧ ҧا֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ҧڧ֧ݧ. ݧ ާڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ اڧ٧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ
ާѧݧڧܧ է ާէ֧. اܧڧ ѧۧߧ
֧ڧߧѧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
140 ӧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧާ ڧݧԧ
֧ߧާ֧ է֧ا ӧ
ڧݧԧڧ اߧѧݧڧڧܧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧڧܧ. ֧ ߧѧҧݧէ֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ѧܧڧܧ
ڧ ڧ֧ߧڧܧ
-ا֧ߧڧߧ! ڧ֧ߧڧߧ
ѧ ۧէ֧ߧߧԧ
ާ֧֧ ݧӧڧ ҧ? ڧ֧ߧڧߧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧԧ
֧ާէѧߧڧ ֧ߧ֧. 10 էѧӧѧ֧ާ ֧ߧڧߧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ է ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧԧ էڧߧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧڧܧ էݧ ԧާѧߧڧѧߧ ֧ڧѧݧߧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ
֧ާ֧ۧߧ ڧݧ ӧ֧ѧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
. էҧ. ֧է֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ
٧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ: ѧѧէܧѧݧߧѧ ѧڧߧѧݧߧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ѧܧڧܧ ѧӧݧѧӧߧԧ ҧݧѧԧ֧ڧ. 1
ڧ ݧڧܧӧڧէѧڧ ֧էݧԧڧ ڧ֧ߧڧܧ
ݧӧ ֧. 3
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧ֧٧ѧߧ
֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ѧާ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧԧڧԧڧ֧ߧ
ݧڧ֧ߧ-֧ߧڧӧѧߧߧѧ ֧ѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ٧ݧڧڧ
ڧѧݧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ܧ ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧ֧ߧߧ էԧӧܧ ڧݧԧ-ܧߧݧѧߧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ѧҧѧ ܧߧڧԧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧԧ
ѧߧڧާѧ֧ݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ էܧ ѧڧ٧ާ. ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ӧاէ֧ߧڧ
ҧӧ ڧ֧ݧѧ: ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ӧ٧էӧݧ֧ߧڧ
ҧѧ ڧܧ֧ܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ֧ާѧߧڧܧ
ѧѧӧݧ֧ߧߧѧ ڧԧ֧ѧڧ ѧԧ֧ڧӧߧ է֧֧
ڧݧԧڧ ާ٧ܧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ߧ֧ߧ֧-ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧڧާ ֧ѧާ
ۧާ, ܧѧ ӧ٧ݧ֧֧
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧܧ ӧ ҧߧ
ڧܧ ѧߧܧ. ֧
ڧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ էݧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ֧ҧ
ѧ ߧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ާ ٧ݧ
ڧԧѧ ާا֧ ܧѧاէ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. է
ѧ اڧ ѧ ѧӧѧ ӧҧէߧ
֧ߧԧ ާڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ ֧ԧէߧ
ݧ ߧ ݧ֡
ѧܧӧܧѧ ܧݧ ڧݧԧڧ: ߧѧݧ֧էڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ߧѧܧ
ڧ٧ߧ. . ާ֧? ڧ٧ߧ! ߧԧާ֧ߧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ѧԧѧݧܧ ڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧѧԧߧڧܧ ڧ֧ѧڧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧ֧ԧ ܧߧݧڧܧ
12 ݧڧ ܧߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧҧݧڧ֧ѧڧ
ݧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ԧ֧ߧ֧ڧܧ. ߧ֧ԧѧݧߧѧ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ ܧѧ ԧ֧ߧڧ
ܧ ܧӧ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧٧ѧ
ݧߧ֧ߧ ֧֧ ֧֧ާ֧
ߧ. ѧҧ ѧڧߧާ է֧ާ
ݧߧ֧ߧ ݧ ڧ٧ߧ ڧݧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧ ڧ֧ߧڧߧԧ էݧ էڧ֧ݧ֧ է֧֧
ڧݧԧڧ է֧֧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧާ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ߧ ӧߧڧܧ. ѧ ѧ٧ߧѧ ҧ֧٧ӧ֧էڧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧߧѧݧڧ ҧݧ ҧݧ
ѧ֧ڧѧݧ ܧ ڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ާڧڧ֧ܧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ѧ 2
ѧ֧ڧѧݧ ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ. ֧ڧ ݧڧߧ. ѧ 1
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧
֧ݧӧ֧ ߧ ӧۧߧ. ڧܧ-ݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ ܧڧ٧ڧߧ ڧѧڧ
֧ݧӧ֧ ܧѧ ҧ֧ܧ ҧ֧ܧ ާ֧էڧѧڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧڧާ ֧ѧާ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ݧ֧ڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧էӧ. ֧ҧߧڧ էݧ ӧ٧
ާѧ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧ ֧
֧ԧݧߧ ֧ݧӧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧ ڧ֧ߧѧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާѧܧ֧ڧߧԧ. Ťʡ̣-Brand-ѧ֧ԧڧ
ڧ٧ ާէ֧ݧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ
ڧ֧ߧڧߧ ާ֧է ڧݧӧ
ߧݧڧܧ ӧ֧ӧ ٧֧ܧѧݧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧ֧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧԧ. ѧ է֧ߧ ԧէڧ ߧѧ اڧ?
٧ҧѧߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ է. 1. ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ҧ֧ߧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ڧ٧: ܧ֧ܧڧߧߧѧ ѧҧ ا֧ݧ ݧاߧ֧ߧߧ ާѧ
ڧߧէ ҧ֧ݧԧ ӧߧڧܧ
٧ ٧ѧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧѧ ܧާާ֧ߧѧڧާ
ԧѧڧ . ֧ݧڧܧѧ ֧ѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ, ڧݧ ѧܧڧ ާ ѧ٧ߧ
֧ܧڧ ֧֧ҧѧݧߧ ѧѧݧڧ
ܧӧ ݧܧӧѧߧڧ. ѧ 1.
֧ۧէڧ٧ ާѧܧڧ٧
ڧݧԧڧ ܧڧާڧߧѧݧߧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էڧߧڧާѧ֧ݧӧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧
ѧܧӧѧ ѧۧߧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧ ڧڧܧ
ӧ֧ڧ է: ѧڧܧ ڧӧߧԧ ڧݧԧ
ӧݧڧ ҧڧ ڧէ֧
ڧѧԧԧڧܧ. ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ڧԧڧԧڧ֧ߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧ֧ߧڧ ܧӧէڧ֧ݧ ާ֧է ֧ԧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧ֧ѧڧӧߧ ڧܧӧ
էاڧ֧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ ܧڧ ѧ֧ ֧ ߧѧ֧ԧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧ ܧݧ
ݧ֧ ߧѧ ݧէާ ڧܧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ ӧ֧ߧߧԧ ڧݧԧ
ѧܧڧܧ ڧӧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ ѧڧ٧ާ
ڧܧ֧ܧڧߧߧѧ ѧ٧ӧڧӧѧѧ ѧҧ է֧ާ
ݧҧڧߧߧѧ ݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧ֧ѧڧ: ڧէ֧ ѧߧާѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧѧ ֧ڧ
ѧ ֧էݧ֧ ڧѧӧާ ӧѧߧӧڧ է֧ӧߧ ѧӧߧӧ֧ڧ
ߧا֧ߧ֧ߧѧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ާ֧ߧ֧ӧڧܧ ѧܧڧӧߧ ӧݧڧ ҧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
ڧѧݧ֧ܧڧܧ ԧܧԧ: ӧߧ֧ӧӧ֧ߧߧѧ ֧ѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧ߧ֧էاާ֧ߧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ է
֧ܧڧӧߧ ֧ߧڧߧ ާ ݧ֧ӧ ڧԧ
ӧ֧ߧڧ էڧߧ֧ӧ. ֧ ާݧѧ ݧҧڧާ
ѧ ѧӧݧ էԧڧާ. ѧ ѧӧݧ ҧ
֧ ڧݧԧڧ: ڧާ֧ߧ էҧ
ڧߧ ֧֧ߧڧ. ܧѧ?
ڧݧԧڧ է֧ߧ ٧ էߧ֧. ҧڧ ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ
٧ ѧ٧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ߧ֧է֧ݧߧڧ — է֧ߧ ا֧ݧ
٧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ѧާڧ֧ݧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ާѧ֧ӧ
֧֧է ѧۧߧѧ ڧڧܧ
ҧ ѧ٧֧֧ߧڧ ܧߧݧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާѧܧڧ٧
ڧߧާ ܧ ڧݧ ԧѧާާڧ֧ާ ֧ݧӧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ܧݧѧާߧԧ ӧݧڧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧڧܧ էݧ «ѧۧߧڧܧ»
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ާ֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ѧӧݧ ҧ
ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ߧ ߧӧ ӧݧߧӧ ާէ֧ݧ ާ٧ԧ
ߧڧӧѧߧڧ ڧߧ ֧ѧݧߧ֧
֧ӧ֧ߧߧߧѧߧ ѧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ԧҧ ݧ
ߧ֧ާڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ܧ ..ڧߧ֧ߧܧ
ҧ֧֧اߧ ӧ֧
֧֧ݧߧ ݧڧߧ: ҧߧڧ ߧѧߧ է
ާ֧ݧ֧ ֧֧
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ާ
֧է ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ӧ٧է֧ۧӧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ XXI ݧ֧ڧ. 2. 2008
ѧ ѧ էڧ֧ݧ֧ ѧާާ ֧ҧ ѧݧڧӧ ߧ֧ӧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧѧէ֧اߧ: ֧ݧӧ֧ ڧ֧ާѧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ߧڧܧ
ѧ ѧ ߧ֧ѧߧ ҧ֧ ߧߧ֧ ާ
ѧ֧ڧѧݧ ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ. ֧ڧ ݧڧߧ. ѧ 1
ߧܧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ڧէڧѧԧߧڧܧ ݧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ѧݧԧڧ — ܧݧ ѧѧܧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ էѧ֧ߧߧ. ߧڧ, ӧڧէ, ҧݧ֧ާ
. ܧѧѧ ҧݧ֧ާ ֧ۧѧ!
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧ֧ߧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ
֧ѧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ ڧ ݧڧ
֧ߧڧܧ ѧҧ ާ֧ѧڧ֧ܧڧާ ѧڧѧڧӧߧާ ܧѧѧާ
ާڧߧѧݧߧ-ߧѧӧӧ֧ߧߧѧ ֧ اڧݧ ݧէ֧
֧ߧڧߧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧӧߧ ܧާ֧֧ߧߧ է֧ݧӧ ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާڧާڧܧ. ѧ ڧѧ ާݧ ݧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧ֧ѧڧӧߧ ڧߧߧӧѧڧ
ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ާڧߧѧݧߧԧ ާڧ է֧֧
ߧӧ ڧߧا֧ߧ֧ߧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ܧѧ ֧ѧݧߧ. ҧ֧ߧߧ ا֧ߧܧԧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧ
֧է ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
֧ާ ԧѧ. ߧ֧ߧߧڧ ާڧ 13-ݧ֧ߧ֧ԧ ާѧݧڧܧ ѧڧ٧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ
ѧܧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧާ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ڧܧݧѧէߧѧ ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ ֧֧ӧԧ ҧ֧ߧڧ ާѧӧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ
ѧ ާ
ڧ ڧݧԧ-֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧ ާݧ
ѧۧߧ ԧ ӧ֧ѧߧڧ
ڧ٧ڧէߧ: ? !
֧ ԧӧڧ ֧. ѧݧԧڧ էݧ ߧѧڧߧѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧӧ֧ߧߧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
10 ӧ֧֧, ܧ ֧ ҧ ѧܧѧ٧ѧ ӧѧ ֧ҧ֧ߧ ѧڧ٧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ҧڧէ. ڧߧ
֧ѧڧӧߧ. ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ߧާ֧ߧѧڧ
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧ-֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧѧ էڧѧ ԧߧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ֧ԧݧڧ ڧѧݧߧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ڧ٧ߧ֧-֧ߧڧߧԧ: ѧާѧߧӧ, ٧ާҧڧӧѧߧڧ, ߧѧܧ
ڧէѧާ
֧ߧڧߧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
٧ܧ ݧҧӧ էݧ ާاڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ էԧӧܧ ާ֧ߧ. ߧߧӧѧڧߧߧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ
֧ާѧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧߧӧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧڧ
ڧ٧ڧ ܧ. ӧ֧ ڧݧԧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ا֧ߧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ. ݧ֧ܧڧ
ѧ٧ߧӧ֧ߧ ҧ֧ݧ ӧߧ
֧ڧߧѧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧ ֧ߧѧݧ. ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ
ѧ ڧ ާ է֧ݧѧ ݧߧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧
֧ݧӧ֧ ߧѧ ڧѧڧ֧
ѧާӧߧ֧ߧڧ, էӧڧا֧ߧڧ, , ٧էӧ
֧ڧߧѧݧߧ ҧߧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
֧ާѧڧ ڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧ اڧ٧ߧ
ާѧߧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧ֧ѧڧ. ѧڧߧѧݧߧ-ާڧߧѧݧߧ է
ڧݧԧڧ էӧ֧ڧ
ѧܧڧܧ ߧѧҧݧէ֧ߧڧ ߧѧҧݧէѧ֧ݧߧ
է. ާ֧֧, ߧ ߧ ܧѧ٧ѧ
ڧ֧ާ ڧݧԧ ѧާڧݧ ѧڧݧݧڧߧ
ڧߧ, ҧ֧ܧ է֧֧ݧߧ, ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ
ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ էާѧߧ֧ԧ ڧݧԧ
ҧݧ֧ާѧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ԧէ ݧҧӧߧڧ ާݧا (ӧܧ ڧ ܧߧڧԧ)
٧ҧѧߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ է. էӧ ާѧ. 2
٧ ֧է֧ݧ ԧ
ѧߧӧ֧ߧߧ ѧ٧ݧڧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧԧ ѧާ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ
ݧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧ 3
֧ߧڧߧ ݧڧߧߧԧ
٧֧ܧѧݧ ڧݧԧڧ
25 ҧ ٧ѧӧ֧ӧѧ ѧݧا֧ߧڧ ݧէ֧
ܧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ݧاҧ. ѧҧ ѧڧާڧ
ܧӧ ѧӧݧ ݧէާ ѧާڧ ҧ
ѧܧڧܧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
50 ӧ֧ݧڧܧڧ ާڧ ݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ֧ߧڧܧ ܧ٧ڧ֧ߧڧѧݧߧԧ ӧҧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާѧߧڧݧڧ: ֧ߧާ֧ߧ, ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ٧ѧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧էݧԧڧ, ٧ߧѧߧڧ, է֧֧ݧߧ
ڧ֧ѧ֧ӧڧ֧ܧڧ ԧ: ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ
֧էާ֧ ާ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧ֧է ԧڧߧڧ٧֧. ߧڧԧ 1. էݧ է
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ ѧѧէڧԧާ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧ ߧ֧ߧڧ
ߧ֧ԧڧ ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
ݧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ ѧާ֧ѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ݧڧߧ. ҧߧڧ
ާݧ ݧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާڧӧѧڧ է֧ߧ< br>ܧ ާѧߧڧݧڧ էݧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ اڧ٧ߧ. STOP ԧѧ٧ݧѧۧڧߧ
֧ҧߧߧ-ڧߧާѧڧߧߧѧ ֧ڧ ާڧ
MEMENTO, ܧߧڧԧ ֧֧է
֧ߧݧԧڧ: اڧ٧ߧ ݧڧߧ ܧݧ. ѧԧާ֧ߧ
ߧܧڧ, է֧ܧڧ ֧ܧߧܧڧ ݧҧӧ. ֧ާ ݧڧߧ
ҧݧ֧ާ ٧էӧ ݧڧߧ ֧֧ڧ֧ܧ ڧܧݧѧէߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧѧԧߧڧܧ ܧ֧ܧڧ ѧާ٧ߧѧߧڧ էܧݧߧڧܧ
ڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ӧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧܧڧ
ѧ ֧ާ ݧԧ է֧? ڧݧԧڧ է֧ܧ ݧا
ݧߧ-ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ֧ڧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ߧڧ. ѧܧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧѧݧߧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ߧѧܧ ާ٧ԧ
ҧ֧ ֧ҧ ڧߧѧߧڧݧ. ѧ ӧ٧ݧ֧ ٧ ާ֧
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧԧ ڧۧܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ
ѧ ӧڧ ѧާ֧ߧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ѧݧߧ
ѧܧѧ٧ѧ ӧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧ߧ֧էاާ֧ߧ
֧ܧ ֧ܧ֧ ܧԧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ܧ֧ާѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ڧ֧ѧڧ ܧ֧ާѧݧߧ ߧڧ
ԧӧѧ ֧ѧڧ: ڧܧӧ ߧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ: ֧ڧ. ѧ 2
֧ܧѧݧߧ ڧ: ڧ ڧէ֧ѧݧߧԧ ݧҧӧߧڧܧ
֧ڧ ڧݧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ާڧ
ާڧڧ֧ܧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ѧ 1
ۧߧ ѧާڧ ҧ
ѧ ֧ҧ ٧ݧ, ֧ҧ֧ߧ էڧ֧ݧ
֧ߧ֧ڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ѧߧ ڧѧا
59 ݧڧ ڧԧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ էݧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
֧ӧڧէڧާѧ ԧڧݧݧ. ڧ , ܧѧ ҧާѧߧڧӧ ߧѧ ڧߧڧڧ
֧ ݧ. ѧ٧ҧݧܧڧ ӧ ӧ٧ާاߧ. ֧ѧݧڧ٧ ֧ҧ!
ڧ֧ާѧߧڧ֧ܧڧ է ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ֧ѧڧ. ݧߧ ܧӧէӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ߧܧ ڧߧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ
ߧ֧ԧѧڧӧߧ է էڧѧԧߧڧܧ ߧڧӧ֧ѧݧߧ ֧ҧߧ է֧ۧӧڧ
ڧѧߧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ڧ ݧڧߧ
ѧ ٧ 10 ݧ֧ ާݧէ֧ا, ֧ާ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧէ ԧѧ֧, ڧݧ ѧ ٧ѧڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ߧѧѧէ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧܧڧ ܧѧ٧ܧ
ڧ֧ߧڧߧ: ڧԧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ
ڧԧ֧ߧ֧ڧܧ
ѧܧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ ٧էӧ
ѧԧѧէܧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧ ڧڧܧ. ߧӧڧէ֧ߧڧ, ֧ݧ֧ѧڧ, ܧѧާڧ֧ܧڧ ӧ֧
16 է ݧҧӧ
٧ ڧڧܧ
ѧ ާݧ ֧֧ӧѧڧ ݧէ, ڧݧ ާݧڧ ҧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާӧ֧ߧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ: ڧߧڧ էڧ֧֧ߧڧѧڧ
ѧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧էݧԧڧ
ѧܧ ѧէ ڧݧ 77 ѧӧڧ ҧ֧֧ߧڧ ҧݧѧԧݧڧ
ݧѧ ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ ѧѧڧݧԧڧ
ѧާѧߧѧݧڧ
֧ ѧާ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ݧ֧ߧߧѧ ֧ߧڧӧܧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ էԧӧܧ ާ֧ߧ
ڧ٧: ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ է֧ڧڧ ڧݧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ڧݧ?
֧ާ֧ۧߧ ӧۧߧ
֧ӧڧѧߧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ӧ֧֧ߧߧݧ֧ߧڧ
ѧӧ ӧ֧ԧէ ҧӧѧݧ ݧӧ
֧ݧӧ֧ ڧܧѧ ֧ҧ
ѧܧڧܧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧ֧ܧ ֧ѧڧ
ҧݧ֧ާ ڧڧ֧ܧ ڧڧߧߧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ߧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧߧڧӧѧߧڧ ҧէ֧ԧ
. ѧӧڧ
٧
ѧ ާѧߧڧݧڧӧѧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ֧
֧ܧѧ ѧԧ֧ڧӧߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ѧߧѧݧߧԧ ѧѧܧ֧ ܧߧ֧ڧ .֧ۧ
ѧܧ ѧӧ֧էݧڧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ: ܧߧ֧ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
ڧԧڧާߧѧڧܧ
ڧߧ ܧ֧ާѧݧߧ ݧӧڧ
٧ ֧ԧ: ߧߧ ٧ ֧ݧ
֧ڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ : ֧٧ݧѧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ڧ٧ߧ ҧ֧ ֧, ڧݧ ڧԧڧ٧ -ܧ
ҧѧߧڧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧ. ާ 1-6
֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ ܧާѧߧէҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ߧԧ֧ߧ֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ֧֧ۧܧ ѧާ٧ߧѧߧڧ ܧڧ٧ڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ݧڧߧ
ѧ٧ߧҧѧ٧ڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧڧ ާڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ
֧٧֧ӧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ ڧڧܧ
֧ӧڧѧߧݧԧڧ. ֧ާѧڧ
ѧߧߧ ֧ߧߧ ֧ڧӧѧڧ ӧڧާ ܧѧާ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ӧѧߧڧ ߧ ߧ֧ӧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ է֧ӧڧѧߧߧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ާѧݧԧڧ. ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ ѧާ٧ߧѧߧڧ
֧ӧڧѧߧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ܧ֧ѧڧӧߧ. ڧާߧѧڧܧ ӧ
֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ҧ ܧ
ܧѧݧߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ڧݧԧڧ է֧֧ܧݧԧڧ
ѧܧߧ ѧܧڧߧߧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧ ڧڧ٧ڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ ӧڧڧ
ާ֧ ֧է֧. ާ֧ ҧ֧֧ߧڧ է֧ӧߧ ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧߧ֧ߧ֧-ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ
ܧ֧ܧڧ ֧ߧڧߧ
ڧ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ. ֧ڧ
ݧѧڧڧܧѧڧ ݧڧߧ֧
֧ݧѧ , էݧ ֧ԧ اէ֧
ڧݧԧڧ է֧ۧӧڧ
ѧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧڧ ܧߧݧڧܧ
ݧӧ ٧էӧݧ֧ߧڧ
ڧ֧ѧڧ ݧڧߧ ڧڧ ڧܧ֧ܧڧ ѧާ֧ݧߧ էڧߧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
֧ ߧѧܧ ѧѧܧ֧ѧ
اڧߧ, ܧ ߧ֧ߧѧӧڧէ ا֧ߧڧ, ا֧ߧڧߧ, ܧ ڧ ݧҧ
ڧ, ֧ڧ ާ֧էݧԧڧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ֧էݧ֧ߧڧ ڧҧڧ. ܧӧէӧ ѧާާ
ݧݧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ѧ٧
ڧܧѧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧ է֧֧ݧߧ. ѧ
ڧا֧ߧڧ ֧ݧ֧ ֧ ҧ
ݧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ާ֧է ӧҧܧ ֧֧اڧӧѧߧڧ (ESM) ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ѧ
18 ԧѧާ ֧ߧڧߧԧ. ܧӧէӧ էݧ ֧ڧߧѧݧ
ڧڧܧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ܧѧ ߧܧڧ ާ٧ԧ
ѧݧѧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
ӧҧاէ֧ߧڧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧ ߧڧ
է, ܧ ڧԧѧ ڧԧ
ܧݧާߧ ܧ ӧڧڧ
ާڧ֧ܧѧ ѧѧܧ
֧֧է ڧ֧ݧާ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧߧݧڧܧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ѧӧڧ, ӧѧاէ֧ҧߧ, ֧ݧѧӧڧ
ԧէ ԧӧ ֧, ӧӧ ֧ҧ ӧڧߧӧѧ
ѧ֧էڧߧ ҧڧ֧ۧ
֧ӧڧѧߧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ է֧֧ էܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ݧ֧ѧߧߧ
է اڧ?
֧ӧ ֧ڧ٧ާ (ڧݧԧڧ, ڧѧݧԧڧ ֧ѧڧ)
ӧڧا, ֧ ӧ էާѧ֧
ѧߧӧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧڧ
ާܧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
֧ ѧާӧӧڧ: ӧѧ ֧ѧڧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧. ڧߧ, , ѧܧѧߧڧ
ڧܧݧѧ ٧ݧ — ӧ ܧߧڧԧ 1 ѧۧݧ
ڧѧݧߧ ܧѧڧѧ: ֧ڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ. ߧԧѧڧ
֧ܧ֧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ֧ҧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ
ѧ, ѧߧ ڧԧ
ԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ܧѧӧ ݧ֧ߧ
ѧܧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧѧ
ܧӧ ҧ էԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ էԧӧܧ ѧާѧڧ
ҧ-ݧڧ. ѧ ֧ܧѧڧ ֧ҧ ާ٧ ߧѧѧ اڧ
٧ ԧݧѧӧߧԧ? ӧҧէ ӧݧ ܧ ٧֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ۧҧڧݧԧڧ
ѧҧѧ ֧ѧէ էڧڧݧڧߧ ?ڧݧԧڧ ѧէѧڧӧߧԧ է֧٧ѧէѧڧӧߧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ?
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ ާ٧ܧѧݧߧԧ ӧ֧ӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧ ߧ֧ߧڧ: ݧ֧ܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ҧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧڧܧ. ѧ 3. ާڧߧѧݧߧ-ӧݧ֧ӧ ֧: ҧߧڧ էڧѧԧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧է
֧ܧӧѧ է֧֧ݧߧ ܧ ڧѧݧߧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ. ҧݧ֧ާ ֧ާڧڧڧݧԧڧ
ҧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧڧܧ. ѧ 1. ٧ߧѧӧѧ֧ݧߧ ֧: ҧߧڧ էڧѧԧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧է
٧ ѧ٧
ӧߧ ҧߧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ է: 6 . 1
֧էݧԧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ߧѧܧ: ڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ է: 6 . 5. ѧݧ ֧٧ߧ ݧӧѧ
֧ڧ ާ֧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ڧ ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ܧѧ ѧާ֧ݧߧ ߧѧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧ֧ާѧݧߧ ڧѧڧ ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧԧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧߧݧԧڧ
ҧߧ էѧ֧ߧߧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧڧ ѧܧ ٧ܧ. ٧ اէ֧ߧڧ ֧
ߧӧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ ѧާԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ѧڧߧѧݧڧ٧ ާѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ӧ
ѧܧڧܧ էڧڧݧڧߧ ?ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧ-֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧ է֧֧ݧߧ?: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧էڧ֧ܧ ҧڧ ѧҧ է֧ާ, ߧاէѧڧާڧ ڧѧݧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧݧ
ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ ٧ ҧ֧ا
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ ڧ֧ߧѧڧ
֧ާѧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ܧ ݧӧ. ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 1. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ. ߧڧԧ 2
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 3. ҧ֧ܧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ߧڧԧ 2
ѧѧէܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧӧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ڧݧ. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ
ڧݧڧ ߧѧڧӧߧ
֧ާ֧ۧߧ ڧܧ ֧֧ܧקܧ
ܧ ܧݧߧ-ڧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ: ݧܧ-ԧާѧߧڧѧߧ ܧߧ֧ܧ
ѧާߧڧ ֧ާ ҧѧܧ
ѧ ڧ٧ҧѧӧڧ ߧѧߧڧ٧ާ
ڧߧ ֧ݧߧ ӧ٧ԧݧ
ڧڧѧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ܧߧ֧ܧ ߧѧߧԧ ާڧӧ٧٧֧ߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
֧٧ާߧ ԧѧߧ ѧݧѧߧ. ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ ѧԧѧڧ
ݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ֧֧ӧԧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ
ݧ, ܧ ߧѧ ӧҧڧѧ. ֧ާ էߧڧ ٧ѧӧѧӧѧ֧ ҧ֧٧ާڧ, էԧڧ ӧէߧӧ֧ߧڧ
ڧ٧ է֧ӧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧѧ ѧߧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ .ߧԧ
קԧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧӧѧڧ ֧ݧ֧ܧڧ ݧڧߧ: ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ: ҧߧڧ ߧѧߧ է
ڧݧԧڧ ӧߧ֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧߧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ҧߧ֧: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ѧ ӧ٧ߧڧܧݧ ߧѧܧ ߧ. ѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧߧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ڧݧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ էڧѧ. ڧڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧާ֧ڧէڧѧߧߧ ӧ٧
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ. 1. ֧ѧڧ֧ާߧ է
ҧѧߧڧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧ 6 ާѧ. 4. ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ԧߧ 2021-2031
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧. 3 ާѧ. 2. ݧ֧ߧڧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧӧާ: ߧܧ
ڧڧ֧ܧ ٧էӧ ٧ѧڧߧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ݧڧߧ
ѧާ, ާڧ, ӧӧѧ; ާ, ާڧ, ӧ֧ӧ; ާ ԧݧ; ݧҧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ڧѧߧѧݧڧ ܧݧ
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 4. ? 1. ѧ 2017
֧ߧէ֧ߧѧ ާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧۧܧ ާݧէ֧ا: ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 3. ? 3. ֧ߧҧ 2016
ҧ֧ܧߧ է ڧݧԧڧ
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 2. ? 4. ֧ܧѧҧ 2015
ڧݧԧڧ ܧ ߧѧڧ. ڧѧߧڧ ާݧէ֧ا. ݧ֧ܧѧߧէ III — ѧ-ߧѧڧߧѧݧڧ
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 2. ? 1. ѧ 2015
ܧѧݧߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 1. ? 3. ֧ߧҧ 2014
ڧ֧ާߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧݧ .. ֧֧֧ӧ: ڧܧ է ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ
ڧ֧ާߧ ߧӧѧߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧էӧ է֧ߧ֧ܧ ާݧէ֧ا
ڧ٧ѧ֧ ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ է: 6 . 3. ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ٧էӧ
ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ ߧ֧ӧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ ߧӧѧާ ߧ֧ۧҧڧݧԧڧ
ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧէ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ڧ
ҧߧڧܧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧ ֧֧ (2015) ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ ?ԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ߧѧܧ ܧӧ: ߧӧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ?
ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ էݧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ (ܧӧէڧ֧ݧ էڧߧ֧ߧߧ)
ҧߧڧܧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧ ֧ӧ (2011) ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ ?ԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ߧѧܧ ܧӧ: ߧӧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ?
ڧݧԧڧ ܧڧ٧ڧߧ ܧ֧ާѧݧߧ ڧѧڧ
է ٧ѧܧѧߧڧӧѧ֧ ݧҧӧ ߧѧڧߧѧ ԧާߧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ާѧӧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ: ڧڧ, ֧ڧ, ҧݧ֧ާѧڧܧ
ҧڧ ߧӧ ֧ݧ֧ܧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ާ
-ܧا
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ܧݧѧާ
ݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧ ڧ٧ҧ֧֧ߧڧ ҧݧѧ ާѧ֧ާѧڧܧ
ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ӧקѧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ
ܧߧާڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧ѧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ
ߧӧѧߧڧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧاէѧ֧֧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ. ڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧԧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧ
ݧ֧ߧڧ. ֧ߧާ֧ߧݧԧڧ ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ڧ٧ҧ֧ѧ֧ݧܧԧ ӧ֧ӧ
ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ 2 . . 2
ڧݧԧڧ ܧݧߧ֧ԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ߧߧݧاѧڧ ҧ֧ӧ ҧѧߧӧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ٧ѧڧ ݧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ. ڧ֧ߧڧܧ. ڧѧԧԧڧܧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ݧ֧ܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާݧ اڧ٧ߧ: ާ֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ, ֧֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ڧܧݧѧէߧ ҧݧ֧ާ
ҧݧ֧ާ ӧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
է ܧߧݧѧԧ֧
֧ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ߧԧѧڧ
ާݧ اڧ٧ߧ, էҧ, էӧߧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ, ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ڧ ٧ߧѧ֧ߧڧ
ѧڧ, ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧާ٧ѧڧ ѧѧܧ֧. 2. ѧڧߧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ, ѧާ٧ߧѧߧڧ ѧѧܧ֧
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ӧۧߧ ڧ֧ڧ
ڧݧԧڧ
٧ߧѧߧڧ ӧݧ
ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ֧ߧѧڧ. ֧ߧڧ ܧߧݧڧܧ ا֧
֧ާ֧ѧާ֧ߧ
ڧԧѧާާڧڧܧ: ާߧԧѧڧ
ԧݧ
ߧ֧ڧ ѧ֧ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ߧ֧ӧ٧: ֧ڧ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ڧߧ֧ԧѧݧߧ էާڧߧѧߧ ֧֧ܧڧӧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ҧݧ֧ާѧڧܧ ֧ԧݧߧڧܧ ܧާާڧ
ߧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧ ҧ֧ާ֧ڧ ߧ ӧۧߧ: ާߧԧѧڧ
ާڧӧѧߧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ާ֧ߧڧ ߧ ߧӧ ֧ڧ ѧߧԧ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ާӧ֧ߧߧ է֧ۧӧڧ
ԧѧާާ ܧѧܧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ާ ֧֧اڧӧѧߧڧ ѧ ҧݧڧ٧ܧԧ, ҧݧߧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧާ ѧۧӧѧާ
ߧѧ ?֧էݧԧڧ ڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ? 2018. 3. ֧էݧԧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧѧݧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ߧڧߧ ܧѧ ֧էӧ ާڧӧѧߧڧ է֧ߧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧڧ ӧ٧ ܧߧܧڧӧߧ ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ ҧ ѧ٧֧֧ߧڧ ާ֧اݧڧߧߧ ܧߧݧڧܧ
֧է֧ݧѧާ ߧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧ֧ڧ ӧڧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ѧާѧ٧ӧڧڧ ҧէڧ ڧݧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ӧҧߧԧ ѧէڧڧߧߧԧ ڧܧӧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ: ڧѧݧߧ ݧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ ҧ֧ܧߧ
ߧѧ ?֧էݧԧڧ ڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ? 2018. 2. ڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧѧާ-ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ҧ֧ߧڧ ӧڧѧߧڧ է֧֧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧާ ٧֧ߧڧ
ߧݧߧ ѧҧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ܧ ҧѧ֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ӧ֧֧ߧߧݧ֧ߧڧާ: ڧէ֧ߧڧڧܧѧڧ ֧ߧܧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧ֧էӧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ߧڧ: ڧڧ ҧݧ֧ާѧڧܧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ էݧ ҧѧڧ ڧ֧ާ ֧էߧ֧ԧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧԧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
٧, ٧ߧѧߧڧ, ѧ٧. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧ֧ۧߧѧܧ. ѧ 2
ݧԧڧ ߧ֧ѧէڧڧߧߧ ݧҧӧ
ԧѧާާ ާ֧է ֧֧ڧ֧ܧ ݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ. ڧݧԧڧ ٧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧٧ߧѧ֧ݧߧ. ڧէ. ߧܧڧ. ֧է ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ. 2
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
֧ާߧ ߧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ѧ ѧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧ֧ާѧݧߧ ڧѧڧ. ֧ާѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ էا֧ӧ֧ߧߧԧ ӧ֧ӧ
ѧاէ ާݧ. ѧܧڧܧ ݧԧ֧ѧڧ ڧܧ ѧߧܧݧ
ܧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧܧӧѧߧڧ էԧާѧ ڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧߧ֧ߧڧ ܧߧާߧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧѧܧ . 1
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧ֧ާ ѧߧڧݧѧӧܧԧ
ԧѧݧ֧ܧڧ ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧڧ, ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧާ٧ѧڧ ѧѧܧ֧. 1. ѧڧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ڧ ԧ֧ߧ֧٧ڧ
ڧէ֧-֧էӧڧէ֧-է֧ۧӧӧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ, ֧ڧ, ܧѧ֧
ߧѧ ?֧էݧԧڧ ڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ? 2018. 4. ѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ܧݧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧݧ֧էڧ .. ֧ܧܧ֧
ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ ܧӧܧԧ ߧڧӧ֧ڧ֧. ѧܧݧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ. ڧԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧѧ
֧ߧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧѧ-ѧӧߧڧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ܧߧ֧ڧ ܧݧ ݧ֧ܧڧӧߧԧ ҧ֧٧ߧѧ֧ݧߧԧ
֧ݧӧ֧ ާڧ. 2 ާѧ. 1. ѧߧ 1949-1954
ڧܧ ާѧܧ էߧݧ ݧҧӧ. ߧߧ ӧ֧ ߧ ٧ѧ
ڧ ѧ֧ߧߧ ӧާڧߧѧߧڧ. ѧ ӧާߧڧ , ֧ԧ ߧ ҧݧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
֧ҧߧڧ էݧ ا֧ߧڧ, էӧ֧ԧѧڧ ߧѧڧݧڧ (ܧ ֧֧ѧ ڧާ ҧ)
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ӧ٧է֧ۧӧڧ ާ֧اݧڧߧߧ ާѧӧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧߧڧڧѧڧ ا֧ߧڧߧ
ڧڧܧ ֧ۧէ-ާѧܧڧ٧ާ
ڧѧԧߧڧܧ ԧߧ٧ڧӧѧߧڧ ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧԧ ߧڧ ާ٧ԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
֧ݧڧܧڧ ڧݧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧڧ ܧݧݧ֧էا֧
ҧѧ ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧٧ӧѧۧߧ ڧѧڧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ է
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ѧ ާ֧ — է ٧էѧӧӧ֧ ҧѧ!
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧѧ
ڧܧݧѧէߧ ӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧݧԧڧ ߧѧڧݧڧ ܧݧ ѧާԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ. ֧ܧ ӧݧڧߧߧ-ڧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ާ: ݧ֧ܧߧߧ ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާѧݧ ԧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ (ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ)
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ڧ ܧԧ ܧڧ٧ڧ (ߧѧѧݧ 10- ֧֧է ߧ 30- ԧէ XX .). ֧ܧ
ݧ֧ާ֧ߧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ ѧڧۧߧ ѧԧѧߧէ
է֧ݧ ڧѧߧڧ էڧߧѧާڧܧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ܧݧݧ֧ܧڧӧߧ ҧ֧٧ߧѧ֧ݧߧ ֧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ݧէ֧ ?֧ԧݧߧڧ ܧާާڧ?
ާ֧ݧ է ܧӧ: ߧѧѧݧ ӧ֧ܧԧ ӧ ԧܧԧ. ӧާڧߧѧߧڧ ֧ާ֧ߧ ҧܧڧߧ. ѧߧߧڧ ѧ ӧ ԧܧԧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧܧڧܧ
٧ߧѧߧڧ ާ٧. ѧ ާ٧ ܧէڧ֧ ާݧ
ڧާѧڧ ڧا֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧѧܧ . 2
ѧߧڧݧѧӧܧڧ: ڧ֧ߧڧܧ ѧܧ֧ܧԧ ڧܧӧ (ߧݧԧڧ)
ڧާӧݧ ֧ӧѧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ڧߧӧ֧ڧӧѧߧڧ
ߧ ѧݧڧާڧ֧ܧ ӧҧѧا֧ߧڧ
էէڧܧݧԧڧ ( ): ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧֧ݧާ . ӧ֧է ڧݧԧ
֧ܧѧ ܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
էѧݧߧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ܧݧѧާ
էڧ է֧ߧ ڧ اڧ٧ߧ ާ٧ԧ. ֧ۧҧڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ѧӧ֧ է ٧ѧܧѧ
ߧէѧԧԧڧܧ: ڧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ, ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ էݧ ҧѧڧ ާѧԧڧѧ
֧٧ߧѧ֧ݧߧ. ڧէ. ߧܧڧ. ֧է ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ. 4
ڧݧܧѧ ֧ڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ ڧܧӧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧٧ߧѧ֧ݧߧ. ڧէ. ߧ ܧڧ. ֧է ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ. 1
ݧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ܧѧ ߧѧߧѧ էڧڧݧڧߧ ԧާѧߧڧѧߧ ӧ٧: ާߧԧѧڧ
٧, ٧ߧѧߧڧ, ѧ٧. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧ֧ۧߧѧܧ. ѧ 1
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ݧڧӧڧ٧ ֧ѧݧߧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ڧѧݧߧ. ֧ҧߧ-ާ֧էڧ֧ܧ ҧڧ
ݧ ѧ٧ާ. ڧܧݧߧ է ֧էӧѧߧߧާ է֧ۧӧڧ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧է ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧ֧ܧڧ
ڧ֧֧ߧڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ ֧ڧѧݧߧ ڧݧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ާڧӧѧߧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧԧ ѧާ٧ߧѧߧڧ ҧէڧ ڧݧԧ
֧ѧڧ٧ڧ֧ܧڧ է ާ֧էݧԧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ѧا֧ߧڧ ֧ѧݧߧ: ѧӧ֧֧ѧ
ߧӧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ ڧݧԧ
ߧѧ ?֧էݧԧڧ ڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ? 2018. 1. ֧ާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ӧ ?ߧڧӧѧߧڧ ާڧ?
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ٧ѧܧݧ֧ߧڧ: ӧڧէ, ܧ է֧اѧߧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ڧߧڧ ڧާާ֧ڧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ѧӧާѧڧ֧ܧ ֧ӧ ѧۧӧ (PTSD): ߧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ, ڧէڧѧԧߧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ (է֧ӧ, ߧ, ާݧէ): ڧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ ѧڧܧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ էݧ ҧѧڧ ڧ֧ާ ֧էߧ֧ԧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧԧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ߧڧ ?ӧ֧ߧ ܧާݧѧ֧ߧߧ?: ާߧԧѧڧ
֧ާݧڧާ: ֧֧ӧڧ ѧާ ѧߧߧ ާ٧ԧѧ ާڧ. ֧ӧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ֧ӧݧڧ ݧڧӧ֧ ѧܧ
ѧ ާ֧
֧է֧ݧѧާ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧڧ٧ާ. ڧݧԧڧ ѧߧާѧڧ
ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ߧѧӧӧ֧ߧߧ ӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ. էݧߧ ܧ
ӧ ѧڧѧڧ ڧէ֧
ڧ ڧߧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ: ڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧֧է֧ݧ֧ߧߧ
ѧ ڧܧ֧ߧڧ. ӧ֧ ѧӧݧѧӧߧ ڧݧԧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ڧѧߧڧ էҧ
ݧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ݧѧߧڧ ӧ֧ާ ҧէ֧ԧ. ߧӧѧߧߧѧ ߧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ ֧ܧڧӧߧѧ ѧާ
ާѧ֧ӧڧ. ڧ ֧ѧݧߧ. ڧާѧڧܧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧ
ܧ-ާѧ֧. ҧӧ-֧ߧѧӧڧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ݧߧ ܧ
ѧاѧ ݧէ. ֧ާ ާ ߧڧާѧ֧ է էԧ
ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ 2 . . 1
֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧ֧ѧߧԧ ӧ֧ӧ
֧֧֧
֧էާѧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ ߧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧܧ: ֧֧ߧ٧ڧ ӧ٧ާاߧ
ѧ ާ֧اէߧѧէߧѧ ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ է֧ӧߧ֧ԧ֧֧ܧԧ ާڧ
ҧڧ, ѧ, ѧ٧ѧӧѧߧڧ. ѧ ڧ֧ݧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧӧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ. էݧߧ ܧ. -3+: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ѧ ӧݧڧ֧ ߧ ӧѧ ާ٧. ֧ӧݧڧߧߧ ܧڧ ߧ֧ۧҧڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ. ݧߧ ܧ: ڧݧݧڧӧѧߧߧ ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ ֧ާѧ ѧҧݧڧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ܧݧѧާ: ڧڧ, ҧݧ֧ާѧڧܧ
ѧۧߧ ԧ ߧѧܧ ާ٧ԧ. ֧ۧҧڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ ֧ݧڧԧڧ٧ߧԧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ է ڧݧԧڧ. էӧ ާѧ. 2
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ. ݧ֧ܧڧ
֧ݧߧ: ߧԧڧѧߧܧڧ -ߧԧڧѧߧܧڧ էڧѧݧԧ ѧѧէߧ ٧֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ӧ ڧ٧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ܧ ݧڧ֧ѧӧ֧է֧ߧڧ: .. ӧߧڧܧ-ݧڧܧӧܧڧ
ҧߧڧܧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧ (2013) ܧߧ֧֧ߧڧ ?ԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ߧѧܧ ܧӧ: ߧӧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ?
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧էڧڧߧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ٧ѧҧ֧اߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ 2016. 5. ? 4
٧ҧѧߧߧ է: 6 . 2. ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ-ڧ ݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ݧڧߧ ߧާ ѧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧܧ ?ܧԧ ӧ٧ԧݧէ?. ڧڧܧ ԧ֧֧ߧާѧڧӧߧԧ էܧ. ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
٧ҧѧߧߧ է: 6 . 6. ӧҧڧԧѧڧ֧ܧڧ
֧ ܧѧ֧ԧڧ٧ѧڧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧߧ ߧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ڧߧ ڧܧڧӧѧߧߧ ާ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ߧڧݧԧڧ: ڧݧݧڧӧѧߧߧ ֧ҧߧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 1. ? 1-2. ߧ 2014
ѧ ֧ҧ MBA
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 1. ? 4. ֧ܧѧҧ 2014
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 2. ? 2-3. ֧ߧҧ 2015
٧ݧѧާӧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 3. ? 1-2. ߧ 2016
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ާѧ
ڧۧܧڧ اߧѧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ߧѧܧ. 3. ? 4. ֧ܧѧҧ 2016
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ. ڧܧ է ߧѧڧ էߧ֧
ѧߧ ҧڧӧ ٧ է. ӧ֧ۧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ާ٧ԧ ӧ֧ ԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ( ٧ߧѧ ާڧ)
ڧݧԧڧ ҧڧ ҧߧ֧
֧ާ ԧ֧ ѧާ. ѧ ߧѧ ާ٧ ߧѧ ҧާѧߧӧѧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ 15 ާڧߧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧. 3 ާѧ. 3. ҧ֧ܧ, ֧֧اڧӧѧߧڧ, է֧ۧӧڧ, ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ٧ѧڧ
ѧڧ ݧڧߧ: ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧ ѧߧڧ٧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ է
֧ݧӧ֧ ֧֧ ݧڧ ާ֧
ܧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ߧӧߧ ֧ߧէ֧ߧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧԧ ާ֧ѧܧԧߧڧڧӧڧ٧ާ: ާ֧էڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧ѧܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ֧ ݧڧߧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧԧ ӧҧ: ܧ, ֧, ԧ֧ߧ֧٧ڧ
ߧէѧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧܧݧѧէߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧ: ֧٧ݧѧ ֧֧ܧڧӧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧߧ֧: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧѧ ڧӧݧ֧ܧѧ֧ݧߧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧѧ ѧߧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ .ߧԧ
ҧڧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ. ڧڧߧ ѧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ѧڧߧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ݧڧߧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ߧڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ ݧڧߧԧӧܧݧݧԧڧ: ݧ֧ܧڧ
֧ߧڧ ӧ֧֧
ߧӧ ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ ֧ڧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ: ݧ֧ܧڧ
֧ߧܧѧ ԧ֧ߧڧѧݧߧ. ڧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էڧߧڧާѧ֧ݧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ է ?ڧݧԧڧ?. ߧڧߧ է ӧԧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ
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ѧۧߧѧ اڧ٧ߧ ާ٧ԧ. ѧ ߧѧ ާ٧ էާ ֧, ӧӧ֧ ڧߧڧާѧ֧ ֧֧ߧڧ
ڧѧݧԧ ֧ާ ҧѧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ اߧѧݧڧܧԧ ӧ֧ӧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧڧѧڧ֧ܧ ݧڧ֧ѧӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
֧ߧڧѧݧߧ: ҧاڧ էѧ ڧݧ ߧѧܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ? ?ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧڧ ԧ֧ߧڧѧݧߧ էѧ֧ߧߧ?
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 3. ҧ֧ܧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ߧڧԧ 4
ڧݧԧڧ. ݧ٧ ӧ֧. ާ ҧ֧ާݧڧ. ѧܧ ӧާ֧
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 3. ҧ֧ܧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ߧڧԧ 3
֧ ݧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 1. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ. ߧڧԧ 3
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ڧݧԧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧڧ٧ާ: ڧߧا֧ߧ֧ߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ܧ
ѧڧߧѧݧߧ-ܧݧߧѧ ֧ڧڧܧ ֧֧ӧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
֧էڧѧڧݧԧڧ. ߧӧߧ ڧߧڧ
ڧѧݧߧ ߧѧڧݧڧ
ѧާԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ֧ҧߧ-֧ڧߧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ է֧ߧ
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ڧߧ ܧݧ, اڧ٧ߧ, ֧ݧ֧ܧڧ: ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ާէ֧ݧ. ҧߧڧ ߧѧߧ ѧ֧
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ߧӧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ҧڧ֧ӧڧѧݧߧ-ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ֧ѧڧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
֧էݧԧڧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
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ߧӧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ާѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧާڧէا ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧԧ -ҧڧ٧ߧ֧
ҧݧ֧ާߧ ҧ֧ߧڧ: ݧ, ߧѧ֧. ҧէ֧. ߧڧԧ 1. ڧߧԧӧ-֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧѧ֧ԧڧ ҧݧ֧ާߧԧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧާѧߧԧ ӧ֧ӧ
5 ٧ܧ ݧҧӧ
ڧէ ߧ֧ߧڧ. ߧ֧ѧݧߧѧ ߧӧ
ԧ, ܧ ڧԧѧ ݧէ
֧էݧ֧ߧڧ ֧֧اڧӧѧߧڧ էڧߧ֧ӧ
ѧߧ ӧҧէߧ
ڧݧԧڧ. 50 ڧէ֧, ܧ ߧاߧ ٧ߧѧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ڧߧ֧ԧݧڧڧܧ ߧ ܧѧاէ է֧ߧ< br>ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ҧݧ֧ާ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ. ܧѧ٧ѧ֧ݧ 1050 էܧܧڧ էڧ֧ѧڧ. 1935-2007 ԧ.
֧ާ֧ۧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ӧڧѧߧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ߧӧ ֧ԧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ էܧ
70 ٧ݧ ѧӧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ
ڧ ֧ݧڧԧڧ
-\’ܧ֧, — \’k֧
ڧէ ާݧ֧ߧڧ
ѧا֧ߧڧ
ߧ էԧԧ: ާ֧اܧݧߧ ӧ٧ѧڧާߧڧާѧߧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ԧݧҧѧݧߧ ާڧ
ѧݧߧѧ ܧߧڧԧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧԧ. ߧڧԧ 1
ԧߧڧڧӧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ. ҧߧڧ ߧѧߧ է. 2
ڧߧڧ ۧܧڧէ ӧ֧էߧ֧ӧߧ اڧ٧ߧ
էѧӧڧ ާߧ ߧ ڧڧܧ!
ڧӧݧ֧ܧѧ֧ݧߧ֧ էԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާڧӧ٧٧֧ߧڧ ҧ֧اէ֧ߧڧ ݧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧڧڧ֧ܧԧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ڧ٧ߧ ҧ֧ ֧ݧ֧
ߧڧߧܧ ާ اڧ٧ߧ. ֧ާ ߧѧ ѧ ާߧԧ اڧӧߧԧ
ѧާާ ѧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧѧܧѧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ڧڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧ާ
101 ܧݧ ӧѧ֧ާ ӧ֧ѧߧڧ
٧ާ֧֧ߧڧ, ֧է ҧէӧѧߧڧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ѧާڧ֧ݧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ӧاڧ ݧ ѧ ѧާڧ ҧ
ߧݧԧڧ: اڧ٧ߧ ݧڧߧ ܧݧ
ڧߧߧѧ ѧӧէ, ڧݧ ֧ҧߧڧ էݧ ڧݧԧ اڧ٧ߧ
ߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ ֧ߧڧѧ ֧ԧ ֧ѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ: էӧڧ֧ާߧѧ ܧߧ֧ڧ
ݧӧѧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧԧ
ѧѧܧ֧ ߧ֧ӧ
٧էѧӧݧڧӧѧ֧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ާѧݧڧܧ
֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧԧ ߧѧڧݧڧ: ֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ ڧݧԧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧߧ֧ԧ -ܧ ڧݧ ٧ҧܧ ѧ٧ާߧԧ ԧڧ
ҧڧ ߧӧ ֧էݧԧڧ
ӧѧ ٧ڧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧߧѧާڧܧ ٧ڧ֧ݧߧԧ ӧڧڧ
ݧէڧߧѧާڧܧ. ܧӧէӧ ݧ֧اڧӧѧߧڧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ݧڧߧ
֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧֧ܧڧӧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ӧ
ѧҧݧէѧ ܧѧ ާاڧߧ, ӧԧݧէ ܧѧ ا֧ߧڧߧ
֧ݧ֧ܧڧ ߧѧܧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ է֧ݧѧ ӧ ӧ֧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧ (ߧڧݧԧڧ)
ӧѧڧ ڧݧѧ. ѧ ѧ ҧӧ֧ߧߧ ڧ֧ѧ֧ӧ
֧ӧڧѧߧߧ էܧ. ֧ڧ, ާ֧էݧԧڧ, ާڧڧ֧ܧѧ ֧ѧݧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ: ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ
֧ѧڧӧߧѧ է֧ӧڧѧ ݧԧڧ
ڧ֧ߧڧߧ ާ֧է ݧҧ֧ ݧݧڧ
ѧܧڧܧ է֧ӧڧѧߧݧԧڧ
ѧ ڧѧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ, ݧӧߧ ܧߧڧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
٧ҧܧ ٧էѧӧާݧڧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ާ֧اݧڧߧߧ ߧ֧ߧڧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ֧էѧԧ: ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
اէ֧ߧڧ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ
ڧߧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ. ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ҧ֧ܧߧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧ֧ݧߧ ֧ѧ
ߧڧԧ էݧ ֧, ܧާ ߧѧӧڧ اڧ, ڧݧ ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ֧էѧԧԧ
ѧۧߧ اڧߧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧ ڧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
֧ܧڧߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧԧѧݧܧ
֧֧էܧѧ٧֧ާѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ ާݧѧ ڧ֧ѧ֧ӧ?
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ߧԧ
16 ڧ ݧڧߧ — 16 ڧ ֧ܧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ߧӧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ԧӧԧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ. ڧ֧ߧڧ
ԧѧާާ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ݧڧߧ
ܧݧܧ ӧ ڧ? ѧ ߧѧڧ ݧҧڧ ӧѧاѧ ֧ҧ
֧ڧߧѧݧߧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ݧڧߧ: ߧѧѧݧ . ާڧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ҧߧѧ ߧ ݧҧӧ. ѧ ѧӧڧݧߧ ֧ѧԧڧ ӧѧ ߧ ԧߧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ݧҧӧ
ܧӧ ѧӧݧ ݧէާ
ԧ ڧԧܧ ڧڧ ܧݧ, ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ѧ ֧էݧ֧ ݧ֧ߧ
֧اէ ֧ܧѧާ: ѧߧѧ٧ڧ ާѧߧ֧ ֧ѧݧ
ާݧ ֧, ڧݧ ڧݧڧ اڧ٧ߧ ֧ܧڧӧߧԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧ ާ֧ݧѧߧݧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ߧѧݧѧاէ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ӧݧڧ
ӧ֧է ѧݧڧӧڧܧ ڧݧ -ާ֧ ާѧݧ֧ߧܧԧ ӧݧ֧ҧߧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ѧܧߧ ӧէѧڧ ݧէ֧
֧֧ݧߧ ҧߧ
ߧڧԧ ֧ߧ֧. ާѧ-ҧާ֧ѧߧ
ڧ, ߧѧݧߧ֧ߧߧ ާݧ: ڧާӧݧڧ֧ܧ ާէ֧ݧڧӧѧߧڧ ֧ѧݧߧ ڧާӧ ڧݧԧڧ ڧ֧ѧڧ
ݧ֧ާ֧ߧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
80 ݧ֧ էڧߧ֧ӧ
ѧݧߧѧ ܧߧڧԧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧԧ. ߧڧԧ 2
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
ѧߧ֧ اڧ٧ߧ — ާاߧ ާߧ ڧߧ
ѧݧߧ էާԧѧ֧ݧӧ. ܧ ߧѧڧݧڧ ӧ֧էߧ֧ӧߧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧߧڧ ڧڧߧ֧٧
ڧݧԧڧ ҧߧ֧
ӧҧاէ֧ߧڧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ֧, ڧݧ ܧݧ ֧ߧԧ ӧҧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ҧߧ ѧܧڧӧߧ: ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
էڧӧѧߧڧ ݧڧߧ ѧݧܧԧݧߧ ߧѧܧڧ֧ܧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ
ڧԧ֧ߧ֧ڧܧ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧ߧݧԧڧ ӧ֧է ߧڧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ܧ ݧڧߧߧԧ ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ է֧ߧ
ѧާҧڧۧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧէ֧ߧߧԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ѧ ֧ҧ ڧݧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ
ڧ ڧѧէߧ, ڧݧ ֧֧ӧڧ ݧѧҧڧڧߧѧ ڧڧܧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ܧڧݧԧڧ
ҧӧ. ڧݧԧڧ ҧڧ
֧ۧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧ֧ܧ ԧѧާާڧӧѧߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ (ܧѧܧڧ ܧܧ)
ߧѧէ ߧ ާ֧ߧ էѧӧڧ! ֧է ڧڧ֧ܧ ٧ѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ: ֧ڧ. ѧ 1
ڧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ էݧ ҧ֧ߧڧ ѧާ֧ԧݧڧ
֧֧ڧ
֧ާ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧԧ ҧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ է֧֧ ާݧѧէ֧ԧ ܧݧߧԧ ӧ٧ѧ
ѧӧڧݧԧڧ
ߧѧݧڧ ֧ܧ ѧҧ ܧѧէѧާ
ѧӧߧڧ ڧݧԧ ֧էߧ֧ ܧݧ
ѧ ҧ, ߧ ܧѧ٧ѧ. ڧܧڧߧ اڧ٧ߧ ӧѧ ӧ֧ѧ
ڧܧ ҧݧڧߧ էڧܧڧ. ѧܧӧ — ҧ ܧѧާߧ֧?
ѧݧߧܧ ܧѧߧѧݧ ާѧ֧ڧߧӧ
ڧاէ֧ߧڧ ާѧܧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ֧֧ߧߧ ݧ֧٧. ֧ ߧ ѧܧѧ٧ӧѧ ا֧ߧڧߧ ݧ ѧҧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ܧ
ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ էݧ ڧާߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ էܧݧߧڧܧ
ڧ֧ާߧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ܧӧ ҧ ӧҧէߧ. ֧ާ ٧ѧܧߧ ާѧߧڧݧڧ
ܧѧݧߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ܧݧڧ ڧ֧ܧ ڧܧݧѧէߧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ܧڧ ٧ѧڧܧѧߧڧ է֧֧
ߧӧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ԧѧާާڧ֧ ѧ
٧ ӧ֧ӧ
ԧߧڧڧӧߧ-ӧ֧է֧ߧ֧ܧѧ ֧ѧڧ էݧ ֧էݧ֧ߧڧ ֧ӧاߧ, ѧ, ҧ֧ܧۧӧ ѧߧڧܧ
ߧ (ߧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ܧ)
ާԧ ֧ҧ ѧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ѧ էڧ ӧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧڧ ާڧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ק ݧҧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ. ӧ ާէ֧ݧ ܧߧ֧ڧ
ӧ֧է ԧڧߧڧ٧֧. ߧڧԧ 2. ާ֧ܧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ڧߧ
֧ݧ ѧߧԧ ֧
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ܧߧ֧ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
ڧ֧ѧ֧ӧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧֧ ߧ ܧѧاէ է֧ߧ
֧ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧ֧֧ҧߧڧ
ާѧڧ
ѧ ѧ٧ӧڧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧ ڧݧ ߧѧڧ ѧӧݧ ֧
ڧ֧ާߧ ѧ֧ܧ ڧڧ֧ܧ է֧֧ݧߧ
٧ ֧ݧ
ѧۧߧ ڧڧܧ ҧ֧ ѧۧ
ѧ ֧ߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ٧ ݧѧ
ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ӧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧܧڧ. ߧ֧ҧݧڧܧӧѧߧߧ է
֧ܧڧӧߧ ڧ֧ߧڧܧ
֧ڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ڧ ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧ ߧ֧ߧڧ ߧӧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧԧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ܧߧѧߧߧ ӧڧڧ
ѧէ ֧ԧ? ѧڧܧ ڧӧߧԧ ڧݧԧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ է. էӧ ާѧ. 1
ڧ֧ѧڧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧ-֧ܧѧݧߧ էڧԧѧާߧڧ
ҧ֧ߧߧ ӧڧڧ ѧߧӧ է֧֧
ӧ֧٧է ߧ ڧ֧ާ ڧݧԧ. ڧѧߧѧݧڧ ٧ߧѧާ֧ߧڧ ݧڧߧ֧
ҧݧ֧ާ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ѧѧܧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ӧݧڧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧڧԧڧ. ѧܧ ާݧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧҧӧ ֧ܧ. ݧߧѧ ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ է
ܧݧڧ ֧ڧ. ڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧԧ
ߧӧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ. էӧ ާѧ. 2
ڧܧ֧ܧڧߧߧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ էݧ է֧֧ ҧݧ֧ާѧާ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ
ڧߧ ڧݧԧڧ: ѧѧէڧԧާ ҧ֧ܧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ߧڧߧ. ֧ܧ֧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ݧߧѧ ڧܧݧѧէߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
100 ѧާ ݧߧ ܧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ӧ֧ ߧ ܧ٧ѧާ֧ߧѧڧߧߧ ҧڧݧ֧
ڧݧܧڧ ѧާ֧ߧ ڧݧ ߧӧ ٧֧ڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ. ֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
٧էѧߧڧ ݧ֧ԧܧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ էߧ էӧ֧ߧߧڧܧ
֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ڧէڧѧԧߧڧܧ ڧߧ֧ݧݧ֧ܧ
ڧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ էݧ ҧ֧ߧڧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ
ܧ֧ڧ ݧڧ ڧ ӧڧڧ
֧ڧ ާ֧էڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ էԧӧܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ է
ߧѧ֧ԧ է֧ӧ. ֧ܧڧ ܧߧ ӧ٧ݧ ҧݧ֧
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. 4 ާѧ. 1. ҧѧ ѧڧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ݧڧէ֧ӧ
ڧڧ֧ܧѧ է֧ڧӧѧڧ է֧ܧ էܧӧ ӧ٧ѧ
ӧѧ ѧҧ է֧ާ էܧѧާ
֧ߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
էԧ ڧݧ ڧާ֧ է٧֧? ѧ ٧ߧѧ ѧާԧ ֧ҧ էԧڧ ݧէ֧
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ӧݧڧ ݧڧߧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧݧ ӧ٧ާاߧ ֧ӧӧѧߧڧ
֧ߧݧԧڧ ѧҧ ڧݧԧ ֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧݧݧ֧ܧڧӧ
֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧է ѧ٧ӧէ ڧ ֧էݧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ڧߧߧ ֧ߧڧ. ѧܧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧѧߧէѧݧߧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ڧ-٧ ާ֧ߧ (ߧ ߧ ѧ)
ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ާ֧ߧ֧էا֧. ֧էڧ֧ܧ ҧڧ էݧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ էݧ է֧ӧ֧
ѧ٧ҧݧѧ֧ߧߧ ݧԧڧ, ڧݧ ڧԧ֧ާ֧ڧ
ۧާ ֧ҧ ҧ֧ ݧ
֧էݧԧڧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧ ڧӧܧ
ѧ֧ާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧է ڧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ էܧѧާ. ӧ֧ӧ, ҧ֧ߧڧ, ѧާ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ է
֧էݧ֧ߧڧ ѧ٧ӧէ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ѧާݧ֧
ڧާӧݧڧܧ ӧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧էڧ-ҧ֧٧ѧߧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ѧѧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧӧܧ ܧߧܧڧӧߧԧ ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ էܧѧާ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧӧ֧ԧѧ ԧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ էڧѧԧߧڧܧ էѧ֧ߧߧ ܧݧߧڧܧ
ӧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧڧ ߧڧߧէ٧. ܧӧ اڧ٧ߧ ҧ֧ ҧҧ
ڧߧ, ҧݧ֧٧ߧ, ܧڧާڧߧѧݧߧ
LYKKE. ֧ܧ֧ ѧާ ѧݧڧӧ ݧէ֧
ѧ֧ڧѧݧ ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ. ֧ڧ ݧڧߧ. ѧ 2
ڧ էާ. ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ٧էӧ ֧ާ
ߧӧ ڧ֧ԧݧڧ ڧӧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ѧ ӧۧ ڧ ߧ֧ӧ٧
ӧ֧ߧѧէѧ ӧ
ѧԧ էѧ
ڧݧԧڧ XXI ݧ֧ڧ. 1. 2007
ӧ֧է ԧڧߧڧ٧֧. ߧڧԧ 3. ԧ ڧݧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ާ֧
ڧݧԧڧ
֧ѧ֧ӧڧ֧ܧѧ ܧߧݧѧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧߧڧܧ ѧܧڧӧߧ ݧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ. ݧߧ ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ֧ܧڧ ѧӧߧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧ ڧ
ҧݧ֧ާ ѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ڧէ֧ߧڧߧ ڧѧݧߧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ
֧ڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧڧ էݧ ֧էߧ֧ ܧݧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧ
ߧӧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ: ާݧ֧ߧڧ, ѧާ, ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ
ߧ-. ڧѧۧܧ ڧܧӧ ݧҧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧߧѧݧڧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ݧڧߧ ѧݧܧԧݧڧ٧ާ
ѧ اڧ ѧէ ڧݧ ӧ֧ۧѧ ާէ֧ݧ ֧ݧ֧ߧߧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ѧ ߧڧ ֧ҧ ݧէ
ڧݧԧڧ. ݧ֧ܧڧ
ߧڧܧݧ֧էڧ ڧ֧ߧڧߧԧ
ݧ֧٧ߧ ݧڧߧ. ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ߧӧ ѧܧڧӧߧ-ڧԧӧԧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ. ֧ڧ ݧڧߧ ܧߧܧ
֧اڧ ާ֧ߧ֧էاާ֧ߧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ ѧܧڧӧߧ-ڧԧӧԧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ڧӧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ܧ ٧ߧѧާ֧ߧڧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧ
ѧ ѧ ٧ڧߧ ݧا֧ߧڧ
ݧ֧ ӧ ߧ ߧѧӧ
ܧ٧ڧ֧ߧڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ԧݧҧڧߧߧԧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ ܧ٧ѧާ֧ߧѧڧߧߧ ӧѧ ӧ֧ѧ
ѧ ֧էݧ֧ ѧߧڧܧ
ܧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ է ٧ڧ֧ݧߧާ ӧڧڧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ է ڧ
ѧܧڧܧ ֧ڧѧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ

ԧ֧ԧ ѧ֧ڧ ߧ֧ԧڧߧާѧڧߧߧ ڧ ӧڧݧڧ٧ѧڧ
ѧا֧ߧڧ
֧ӧڧѧߧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ݧڧߧ ԧ
ڧէ ԧߧ
ҧ֧է! ѧ٧ާݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ ڧݧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧ֧ѧڧ ֧
֧ܧڧӧߧѧ ֧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ: ӧ٧ԧݧ ܧӧ٧ ڧ٧ާ է֧ܧԧ ѧڧ٧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧݧ֧, ާѧߧڧݧڧ, ڧݧݧ٧ڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ
ڧ֧ѧ֧ӧڧ֧ܧڧ է
ߧӧ ݧԧѧݧԧڧ է֧ܧԧ ӧ٧ѧ
ڧ֧ާ
ާڧէ ڧݧԧ
ڧܧ֧ܧڧ ާݧӧ ܧ ߧѧܧ٧ѧӧڧڧާ ݧڧߧ
ӧ֧ܧ ӧҧѧا֧ߧڧ
-ѧߧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧ֧ѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧڧӧߧ ާ֧էڧܧ
ѧԧѧէߧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ާ٧ԧ ڧڧܧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ߧѧܧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ا֧ߧڧ
ܧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ݧاҧ. ѧҧ էڧ֧ݧާ
ܧ֧ۧ էݧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧-֧ߧ֧
ӧ֧ߧѧէѧ ݧӧ ٧ѧӧ֧է֧ ֧ӧݧڧߧߧԧ ݧ֧ѧڧѧ
֧ާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧֧ڧӧߧ ֧
ާ ڧݧԧ է֧ ѧڧ٧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧާ٧ߧѧߧڧ, ڧݧ ѧ ߧѧۧ ާݧ اڧ٧ߧ
ԧѧڧ . ѧߧѧӧѧ ҧ֧٧ާߧ ާէ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ѧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ԧէ ٧ѧܧӧѧ ԧݧѧ٧, ӧڧا ֧ҧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ է. 2. ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧ٧ӧݧߧ էӧڧا֧ߧڧ
ڧ ڧ֧ߧڧܧ ֧
֧ߧާ֧ߧݧԧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧֧٧֧ߧѧڧ
ԧѧާާ ާݧէ. ֧ ڧ٧ ֧
է է֧ߧԧ. ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧ҧݧ֧ߧڧ
֧ҧߧڧ ڧ--֧ѧڧ. ݧߧ ֧֧٧ߧ ѧߧ֧ܧէ
ӧߧާڧ ڧԧڧէߧѧ ݧڧߧ
ѧܧߧ ާ֧է ڧ֧ѧڧ
ߧӧ ڧާѧڧܧ
֧ߧڧ֧ ާ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ ٧ ҧ
ߧӧ ߧ֧ۧڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ ҧ֧ ܧߧߧѧڧ ڧݧ է ٧էѧӧӧ֧ ܧߧݧڧܧ!
ѧާ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ܧԧߧڧڧӧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧էݧ֧ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧ ܧڧ٧ڧ
֧ߧէ֧ݧԧڧ ֧ާڧߧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ӧاէ֧ߧڧ էڧ֧ݧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧާ֧է֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ݧڧߧ
ҧ֧ߧڧ ҧ. ѧѧݧ ڧݧԧڧ ѧܧڧӧߧ
Homo amphibolos. ֧ݧӧ֧ էӧާݧ֧ߧߧ ֧ݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ѧէӧѧ ֧ѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ XX ݧ֧ڧ
ܧӧէӧ ѧڧ֧ѧڧ (ڧڧ, ֧ڧ, ѧܧڧܧ)
٧ ާڧ. ӧ
֧ߧܧѧ ܧߧݧѧڧ է֧ӧߧ ԧէ ԧݧѧ٧ѧާ ڧ֧ѧ֧ӧ — 2011
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ݧߧ֧ߧ ߧԧ֧ ڧݧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧ ڧ֧ߧڧߧԧ էݧ էڧ֧ݧ֧ է֧֧ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ էѧ ֧֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ߧѧ ާѧԧڧ. ߧ ԧڧߧ٧
ڧѧݧߧѧ ֧ѧҧڧݧڧѧڧ է֧֧ ѧڧ٧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ է֧ݧӧԧ ֧֧ӧѧߧڧ
ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧اէ֧ߧڧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ާ֧ߧ֧էا֧
֧ܧѧݧߧ, ԧ֧ߧէ֧, ҧѧ: ߧӧ ֧ѧݧڧ XXI ӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ էӧ֧ڧ
ܧ֧էڧڧ ԧ֧ߧڧѧݧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧էӧ ݧڧߧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧڧ ܧѧ ҧ֧ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ֧ާ
֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ ԧӧԧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ާ֧էڧܧ ڧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧ֧֧֧ߧڧ
ڧԧ֧ާ֧ڧ էݧ ާ֧ߧ֧էا֧
ߧԧާ֧ߧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ: ڧ֧ާѧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧѧէڧԧާ
ܧѧ ާاڧߧ, ާѧߧڧݧڧ ܧѧ ا֧ߧڧߧ
֧ݧԧڧ ާ
ѧڧ ҧ֧اէѧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ. ݧ֧ܧڧ
֧֧է էܧѧާ ߧڧ ѧާڧ. ߧڧԧ էݧ ڧ֧ݧ
ڧ֧ާѧߧڧܧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ ѧڧߧѧݧߧ-ާڧӧߧ ֧ѧڧ
ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧѧݧߧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧէѧѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ է֧ էܧѧ ݧ ֧ݧѧߧܧ ѧԧ֧էڧ
ҧߧڧ ٧ѧէѧ էݧ ڧݧԧ
ݧ֧ާ֧ߧ ԧӧ ֧ ѧڧ. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧѧߧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧ ѧܧڧܧ
ӧ էӧ֧ ߧѧէ֧اէ. ֧էݧ֧ߧڧ ѧڧ٧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ٧ѧڧާߧڧާѧߧڧ ܧߧܧ֧ߧ ڧѧڧ
֧ܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ֧ܧӧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
էҧ ߧ ܧߧڧܧѧ ѧݧ֧
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ܧӧ ڧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ է. է ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ާ
֧ԧܧ ݧԧѧ ا֧ݧ
էڧߧܧѧ ާѧާ. ѧ ѧ ѧݧڧӧ
ڧߧ ߧ اէѧ
ҧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧާ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ܧܧ. ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ֧ԧݧڧ ߧڧ ާ֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧާ
֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ӧ
ߧӧߧ ֧֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧڧѧߧܧڧ ҧѧ
ܧ ڧ ܧڧߧߧ֧
ѧ ѧӧڧ ֧ާ, ܧ ӧӧէڧ ߧѧ ڧ ֧ҧ
֧ܧ է֧ܧ ֧ܧѧݧߧ
ڧѧ ҧ֧ݧ ֧ߧ. ֧ߧݧԧڧ ܧԧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ݧէާ
֧٧ӧѧۧߧ ڧѧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ٧էӧ
ڧ֧ ӧݧѧӧӧѧ ҧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ԧ֧ާ֧ߧ֧ӧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ է֧ݧӧԧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ է
֧ݧڧߧӧ ֧ߧڧߧ
էڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ֧ӧѧڧ ӧ٧ާاߧ ֧ѧݧߧ
ڧڧѧߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
֧ߧڧߧ էܧѧާ: ԧ ߧѧѧ?
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ݧ֧٧֧ ܧѧ ٧
֧ߧ֧ڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧߧݧڧܧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ: ܧӧէӧ է֧ۧӧڧ. ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ
٧ ӧ֧
ڧݧԧ֧ާ. ݧ֧ߧڧ ߧ֧ӧڧէڧާԧ ާڧ
ѧڧܧѧߧڧ էܧ
ѧܧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧӧ ԧӧԧ ѧߧѧݧڧ٧
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ӧاէ֧ߧڧ ܧݧߧڧܧ
ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ݧӧ֧ߧ ֧ԧݧڧ է֧ۧӧڧ է֧֧ ( ߧާ ѧݧԧڧ)
ڧ ڧݧ ߧ ҧڧ?
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ڧ֧ݧߧԧ ӧڧڧ
ݧݧ٧ڧߧڧ٧ ݧڧߧ ܧѧ ߧӧѧ ڧݧܧ-ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ܧߧ֧ڧ
ߧڧ ާݧاڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧԧ ܧڧ٧ڧ
ѧ ѧ٧ӧڧ ֧ҧ ѧݧѧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ
ڧ
ڧܧݧԧڧ
֧֧ӧ اڧ٧ߧ ڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ӧ ٧ߧѧ֧ݧߧ ֧ߧڧ
٧ݧ ҧݧ֧ާ ӧ٧ݧ ݧէ֧
ݧ֧ߧڧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
14 ѧӧڧ ܧӧէӧ ӧڧ ܧӧէڧ֧ݧ֧
֧ܧڧ ѧڧ٧: էڧѧԧߧڧܧ ܧ֧ܧڧ
֧ܧڧӧߧ ڧ֧ߧڧܧ էݧ ѧڧ֧ߧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ӧ ݧҧӧ
٧ߧѧ. ѧ֧. ҧ֧
ߧڧݧԧڧ
ѧۧէ اڧ٧ߧ ԧѧާߧڧ
ݧ֧ߧڧ էڧܧڧ ֧֧ߧڧ ٧ѧէѧ
ԧڧ٧ ܧѧ է֧ܧڧ ߧѧ ѧӧݧѧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧԧ ֧ӧ
ҧߧڧ ѧҧ. 2008 ԧ
ݧѧ ܧѧݧܧ ڧ٧ߧ֧-֧ߧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ էڧէѧܧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧԧ էݧ ֧ڧڧߧ է֧֧
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ѧҧ. 2011-2012 ԧ.
֧ݧ ا֧ߧڧߧ ڧߧѧէݧ֧اڧ ާڧ. ѧ ҧ ѧݧڧӧ ާڧ ާاڧ
ҧݧ֧ާߧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ѧӧާѧݧԧڧ ݧҧӧ
ҧѧ ڧ֧ާ ڧڧ֧ܧ ֧ԧݧڧ է֧֧ݧߧ
٧ڧ: ݧ֧ܧѧӧ ԧ֧ߧڧ֧, ڧݧ ӧ֧է ֧ѧҧڧݧڧѧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧڧܧ ݧ֧ߧڧ ֧
֧ܧڧ ާڧ. ӧ֧ ڧݧԧ էڧ֧ݧ
ݧڧߧ ӧ֧ ߧ ӧ֧ݧڧܧ էԧ اڧ٧ߧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ֧ߧߧ ҧ֧ӧ. ڧڧܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ҧاѧ٧ߧ ڧݧԧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ާѧݧ
ѧ ܧѧ٧ӧѧ ӧݧڧߧڧ ߧ ݧէ֧ اڧ٧ߧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧܧڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ ާڧߧѧݧߧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ
ާڧӧѧߧڧ ٧ڧ֧ݧߧԧ ҧѧ٧
ާ ܧѧ ڧ֧ѧڧ. ѧҧѧӧߧ ݧѧ ߧ ӧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ
ԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ڧܧݧѧէߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ߧڧߧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ֧ҧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ܧѧݧߧ
ڧܧ ߧڧԧէ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧڧڧ
֧٧ߧ ҧѧܧ. ѧ٧ԧӧ ӧ֧ߧ ާ֧ߧڧ ڧܧݧѧ ҧѧܧ
ا֧ԧէߧڧ ڧۧܧԧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ. 7
ѧ ҧݧڧ٧ܧԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ — ڧѧߧڧ اڧ٧ߧ
ا֧ԧէߧڧ ڧۧܧԧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ. 5
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ ԧӧѧ ڧ֧ѧڧ
ا֧ԧէߧڧ ڧۧܧԧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ. 3
ڧާҧڧݧէڧߧ: ѧܧڧ ֧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧ ݧڧߧ
ا֧ԧէߧڧ ڧۧܧԧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ҧ֧ӧ. 1
֧ߧڧߧ ܧާѧߧէҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ڧڧ٧ڧܧ
ӧاڧӧѧߧڧ էݧ ܧݧߧԧ ڧݧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ, ܧݧڧߧڧܧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ѧߧߧ֧ԧ ѧݧܧԧݧڧ٧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ ާ֧է ܧ֧ܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ. ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ ާ֧اէڧڧݧڧߧѧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
֧ݧڧܧڧ է֧٧ѧߧڧ
֧ ߧѧҧݧէ֧ߧڧ ҧ֧֧է ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ٧ߧ ҧ֧ ѧ
ڧݧԧڧ XXI ӧ֧ܧ. II
ѧҧ ڧݧԧ ߧѧ ҧ: ֧ߧڧܧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧ֧ ֧ӧڧ٧ڧ
ڧ֧ݧ ܧѧ ҧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ߧѧާڧ ѧӧާѧڧ֧ܧԧ ֧֧اڧӧѧߧڧ
֧ۧҧڧݧԧڧ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ
֧ߧڧߧ ֧ܧڧӧߧԧ ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ է֧ާ. ާݧ֧ܧߧѧ ԧѧާާ
էݧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧ
ߧڧ ڧݧ — ާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ֧ߧڧߧ
ߧا֧ߧ֧ߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ԧߧާڧܧ. ֧ާѧڧ
٧ܧ ا֧ ݧҧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ էݧ ֧ߧڧ֧ܧڧ ӧ٧
ѧܧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧԧѧ է֧ާ էܧѧާ
ѧӧާѧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧѧ٧ڧ
ѧ, ԧէ ߧ ӧ֧ ܧݧѧէ֧ — ߧԧ֧ݧ ٧ѧާݧܧѧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ. է֧, ܧߧ֧ڧ, ߧѧѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
ѧܧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
ߧӧ ҧ֧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧڧܧ
ڧߧԧӧڧݧԧڧ ֧֧ӧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ѧէԧ ѧѧܧ֧. ڧڧ ҧڧ٧ߧ֧ ݧҧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧѧاէ ܧѧاէާ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ ܧڧ٧ڧߧ ֧٧ӧѧۧߧ ڧѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧ѧէѧڧӧߧ ѧܧڧӧߧ
ڧ ڧڧ էݧ ֧ߧ֧ ܧߧݧѧߧ
ѧҧѧ ܧߧ֧ڧ էѧ֧ߧߧ
٧ܧ ӧѧݧ ߧ ѧҧ֧ ާ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ ڧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧ ҧ֧ӧ
ѧ ٧ߧѧߧߧ էݧ. ߧ֧ӧߧڧ ڧݧԧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
10 ѧԧ ڧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ ҧڧէ
ڧܧ ާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ݧ ݧڧڧܧ
֧էܧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ, ڧݧ ާҧ էݧ էڧ֧ܧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
֧ ֧ѧ ߧ ާ. ߧڧާѧݧ֧ѧڧ էݧ է֧
ܧڧ
֧ާ ݧҧ էߧڧ, ا֧ߧ ߧ էԧڧ, اڧӧ ֧ڧާ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧ 1
ѧ ӧҧڧѧ ֧ڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ٧ܧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ. ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ
ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ܧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ, ڧݧ ѧ էҧڧӧѧ ֧
ܧާ֧ݧԧڧ
ѧ ֧էݧ֧ ݧڧߧ ѧԧ֧էڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ާ֧ڧۧ է. ާ֧. 7 ѧܧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ
ڧڧ٧ڧܧ ֧ߧߧ ٧ѧէѧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ է֧ ҧݧ֧ާѧާ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ: ާ֧էݧԧڧ ާ֧էڧܧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ اڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ٧֧ݧԧ ٧էߧ֧ԧ ӧ٧ѧ ӧѧ ӧ֧ѧ
ܧߧ ާڧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧ԧڧߧ ݧէ֧
ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧڧԧ ӧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧٧ߧѧ֧ݧߧԧ, ѧѧڧ֧ܧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
֧ܧڧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ާڧӧѧߧڧ ֧ էܧݧߧڧܧ ٧ѧէ֧اܧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ
֧ߧ֧٧ڧ, ӧڧէ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ էڧߧ֧ӧ
ѧݧԧڧ: ѧѧܧ֧ ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧ֧ӧڧ٧ڧߧߧ ܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ
֧ڧ ڧԧѧ֧ݧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ڧާڧէ ا ڧ֧ݧ
֧ߧڧߧԧ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ܧާѧߧէ
֧֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧ֧ߧڧ
ާ ܧѧ ӧݧڧߧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ѧ ֧֧اڧ ѧ ѧӧڧ ܧҧ
Tѧߧܧާާߧڧܧѧڧ. ֧ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ اڧ٧ߧ֧ߧߧ ާڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧ٧ߧ: ާ ܧ էӧ֧
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ݧ֧ܧڧ
ҧ֧ߧڧ է֧֧ ֧ ڧڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ
ҧѧߧڧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧ 6 ާѧ. 5. ߧӧ է֧֧ܧݧԧڧ
ӧҧէ ֧ҧ. ѧ ֧էݧ֧ ߧѧڧݧڧ ֧ԧ ݧ֧էӧڧ
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ է֧֧ݧߧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ڧݧԧ
ѧާ, ֧ާ ާ֧ߧ ڧߧէ ѧߧ?
ܧѧݧߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ֧֧ڧ֧ܧ ڧܧݧѧէߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ԧ֧ ֧ѧݧߧ
ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ ֧ާѧߧڧܧ
ڧ էާ ӧ֧ԧ
֧ڧ ݧڧߧ ֧ӧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ܧߧܧ֧ߧ-ڧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
ӧݧڧ ݧڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ާڧ 2009. 4
٧էѧߧڧ ߧ֧ӧݧߧ֧ߧߧ ҧ֧ѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ާڧ 2009. 2
ܧ֧ܧڧ ֧ߧڧߧ ڧѧڧݧ ֧ӧ
֧ۧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ էڧѧԧߧڧܧ է֧֧ ާݧѧէ֧ԧ ܧݧߧԧ ӧ٧ѧ
ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ѧާ ٧ѧڧ: ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ
ڧ֧֧ߧڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧۧߧѧ ڧݧ. ѧ ٧ѧڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧԧ֧ ߧ֧ԧ֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ӧѧާڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ. ߧ֧ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
ڧԧڧާߧѧڧܧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ
֧ڧ ݧڧߧ — ѧӧߧڧ֧ݧߧ ѧߧѧݧڧ
ܧ ٧. ѧڧܧ ҧ֧էڧߧڧާѧ֧ݧ.
֧֧اڧ ԧ
ԧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ. ٧ާاߧ ڧԧӧԧ ӧ٧ѧڧާէ֧ۧӧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
֧ܧާ֧ߧէѧڧ ܧѧѧ ߧڧܧ ӧ
ݧ ֧֧ڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧܧڧӧߧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ݧڧߧ
ѧߧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ էѧ֧ߧߧ. ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ
ѧѧӧݧѧ ڧݧ ާ
ڧ ѧߧէ֧ݧѧާ ҧܧ ѧާѧէѧӧڧݧ
է ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ֧ҧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧާѧߧߧ ѧܧ. ѧߧ ҧڧ ӧ ߧ ߧѧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧէէڧ٧ާ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧ѧ-ҧ֧ӧ ڧڧѧڧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ ާ٧
ڧӧ ֧ѧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ. ֧ߧݧԧڧ, ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ, ڧԧ, ֧ߧѧڧ
ݧߧ-ڧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ܧߧڧӧѧߧڧ ާڧ
ӧاڧӧѧߧڧ էݧ է֧ӧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ӧݧ֧֧ߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ѧ٧ڧ ӧѧߧӧڧ֧ݧߧ ҧ֧ߧڧ
ѧԧѧݧܧ ҧ֧ ڧ ݧԧڧ
ڧ֧ߧݧԧڧ ԧӧԧ ֧ߧڧߧԧ
ݧڧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ֧ҧߧڧ էݧ ӧ٧
ҧ֧էڧ֧ݧ. ߧ֧ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ާߧ֧ާڧ֧ܧڧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ
է: ҧݧ ڧݧ ߧѧݧѧاէ֧ߧڧ. ӧҧڧѧ֧ ? 9 ҧ ѧߧާѧڧ
ݧӧ ӧ
اڧ٧ߧ. ѧ اڧ ֧ԧ ѧ, ݧӧߧ ݧ֧էߧڧ
ԧ֧ߧէ֧
ҧاէ֧ߧڧ ߧ ѧҧ
֧ڧߧѧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧӧ ڧ: ܧѧ ѧ ݧڧ ݧҧ է֧ݧ
ߧӧ ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ
٧ߧѧߧߧ ڧݧ ֧ӧԧ. ֧֧ѧߧ ҧ֧ܧڧ ӧ֧ߧ ֧ҧ ӧ اڧ٧ߧ
ڧܧݧѧէߧ ѧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ֧ާ ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧާ֧ԧݧڧ (ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ҧڧ էݧ ֧ݧѧߧڧ֧ݧ֧)
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧӧ ݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ اէ֧ߧڧ
ѧѧӧ ӧ ާ٧ ѧҧѧ. ѧ ާѧܧڧާѧݧߧ ӧڧ ӧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ
ڧݧԧ ا
ѧڧ. ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ߧ էԧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ էէ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ — ڧߧ֧ܧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ڧ ڧݧ. ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
ڧܧ֧ܧڧ ֧֧اڧӧѧߧڧ اէ֧ߧڧ է֧֧, ҧݧ֧ڧ ߧڧ֧ܧڧާ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧާ: ԧѧާާ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧ֧ܧڧ
٧ާ֧֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
E-mail ҧܧ. ѧ ڧ٧ҧѧӧڧ ҧڧ ԧݧӧ ݧѧާ ӧ ڧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧ ҧҧ
اڧߧ ا֧ߧڧߧ: է ާ. ѧ ڧ ֧ާ֧ۧߧ ѧ?
֧֧ڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ٧ڧԧߧާڧܧ
ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧڧէݧԧڧ. ֧ӧ֧ߧڧ, ܧڧ٧ڧߧѧ ڧߧ֧ӧ֧ߧڧ ڧڧէѧݧߧ ӧاէ֧ߧڧ
֧ܧڧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ֧ާ ҧ֧اէ֧ߧڧ. ѧ ӧݧڧ ߧ ݧէ֧ ާ ڧݧԧڧ
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧֧ڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ڧڧ ٧ѧҧݧاէ֧ߧڧ. ѧܧڧ ڧҧܧ ӧ֧ѧ ާߧ ݧէ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ڧ ֧ڧۧߧ ҧڧۧ. ֧ާѧڧ
٧ԧܧڧ֧ݧ. ѧ ߧѧڧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ ާݧڧ, ڧݧ٧ ڧ֧ާ ڧ ѧ٧ߧ ߧѧ
ߧӧ ֧ߧݧԧڧ
֧ާ ֧ߧ֧ ڧڧѧݧߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ܧѧݧߧ ڧէ֧ߧڧߧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧԧ էܧ
ߧӧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧էӧѧڧ֧ݧߧѧ ѧҧ ٧ѧ ܧݧڧ֧ߧ ԧڧߧէڧߧѧާڧܧ ڧ֧ާ էާڧߧڧڧ ֧ҧߧ֧. ٧էѧߧڧ ܧ֧ܧڧߧߧԧ է
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 2. ҧ֧ܧ է֧֧ݧߧ. ߧڧԧ 1
ѧۧߧէѧۧ. ӧѧ ߧѧܧ ݧڧߧ ѧߧާѧڧ
ܧӧէӧ ڧѧާѧܧ֧ѧڧ
ڧߧէ է֧ڧڧ ӧߧڧާѧߧڧ ԧڧ֧ѧܧڧӧߧ է֧֧
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ާ ҧݧߧ ֧ҧ֧ߧ
֧٧ѧӧ. ֧ާ ا֧ߧڧߧ ӧҧڧѧ ߧ ֧ ާاڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧
ܧӧ ڧߧ ڧߧڧ. ѧ ڧ ֧ߧ ܧѧ֧ ާڧ ݧا, էѧ ԧ٧ߧ ڧԧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧާ֧ݧߧ
֧ ѧߧ֧ԧ! ѧԧѧݧܧ, ާݧ, էܧѧ٧ܧ ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ. ߧڧԧ-֧ߧѧا֧
ӧ ҧ֧ا ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧ ڧէ
ܧӧ ҧ ԧڧ
ҧѧ ֧ѧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ܧѧݧߧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ڧ ܧ֧ܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧڧԧڧ
ާ ާ֧ߧ. էݧ ߧѧ էԧ ѧާ ܧߧ ֧ ާا֧ ާ ާ֧էڧڧߧ
ҧݧ֧ާ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧ ߧѧۧէ֧ ڧާ ѧ ҧ֧ݧ ާ اڧ٧ߧ, ߧѧڧѧ ߧ ڧ֧ ߧ֧٧ߧѧܧާ ݧէ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
ڧާ ֧. ֧ۧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ է֧֧-ڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ ֧ԧ ӧ ާߧ? ٧ڧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ էݧ ѧݧڧӧ اڧ٧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧҧէ
٧ߧѧܧާӧ է ѧ٧ӧէ
ڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ا֧ߧڧߧ ҧ֧ ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ٧ 2 ާڧߧ
֧ާѧڧ ڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ڧ ܧԧ ܧڧ٧ڧ
ѧӧѧۧ ߧѧߧ֧ ܧ! ߧܧڧ էݧ ܧ֧ܧڧ /ڧݧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ اڧ٧ߧ
ӧڧѧߧ ֧֧ڧ
֧ߧݧԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ѧڧ٧ާ
֧ڧ ݧڧߧ
ާڧߧѧݧߧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ: էڧѧԧߧڧܧ ܧ֧ܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧѧ ӧ֧ѧ
ѧܧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ӧڧѧ֧ݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ ӧ֧ ֧ҧߧ ٧ѧӧ֧է֧ߧڧ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ էݧ ާѧԧڧѧߧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ ߧ֧ԧѧڧӧߧ ӧӧ
ߧԧڧѧߧܧ ݧܧӧѧߧڧ ߧӧڧէ֧ߧڧ
֧, ѧ ѧ ҧԧѧ
ѧܧڧܧ ֧ڧ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ٧ӧ ѧҧݧ!
ڧݧԧڧ. — . ݧӧѧ-ѧӧߧڧ
ѧ ۧާѧ էѧ
֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ٧ѧڧ
ѧܧڧܧ ڧݧԧڧ ާ֧ߧ֧էاާ֧ߧ ֧ڧߧѧݧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧҧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާڧӧѧڧ էڧا֧ߧڧ
֧ݧڧԧڧ٧ߧ ڧѧܧڧܧ ڧڧ ܧݧ
ܧڧ֧ݧ ݧݧ֧. ѧ ٧ѧѧӧڧ ٧ѧާݧѧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧ֧ԧ ܧڧڧܧ
ڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧
է֧ݧѧ?
ҧѧا֧ߧڧ ܧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧߧڧڧ. ѧ ڧߧڧާѧ ӧ֧ߧ ֧֧ߧڧ ҧ֧ ާߧ֧ߧڧ ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ѧܧڧ֧ܧԧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ
֧ۧѧ! ާާ֧ߧ ? ӧ, ֧ҧ ֧
֧ݧ֧ܧ ӧҧէ
ڧ ԧڧ ӧ֧էߧ ڧӧ֧
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧߧ ڧߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ
ݧ ҧ է ܧѧҧ ڧݧ 15 ާ֧ߧѧݧߧ ڧҧ, ܧ ާ֧ѧ ӧѧ اڧ
ڧݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ
10 ԧݧ֧ۧڧ ڧҧ, ܧ ӧ֧ѧ ݧէ
ڧݧԧڧ էا֧ӧ֧ߧߧԧ ӧ֧ӧ
ڧڧާ. ݧ ܧѧ ѧ ѧݧڧӧ.
ڧ ֧ݧӧ֧֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧
ԧ ڧԧ. ҧߧڧ ڧԧ էݧ ѧҧ ѧԧ֧ڧӧߧާ է֧ާ էܧѧާ
ڧӧڧӧѧߧߧ ާ٧
ڧ֧ߧڧܧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧ֧ ӧҧէ
֧ާҧڧէاܧ ܧӧէӧ ѧߧѧݧڧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧѧէܧ ֧֧ܧڧߧڧ
٧ߧѧߧڧ ֧ѧݧߧ
֧ߧ — ݧ֧٧ߧ. ӧاڧӧѧߧڧ էݧ ݧ֧ߧڧӧ֧
֧֧ݧߧ
֧ҧ֧ߧ-ڧާڧ. ӧ֧֧ߧߧѧ ԧѧާާ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ѧѧܧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ާ. ѧ ֧ ֧էݧѧԧѧ, ܧѧ٧ӧѧ ڧߧڧާѧ
֧ܧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧݧڧߧڧ
101 ܧݧ֧ӧѧ ڧէ֧. ڧݧԧڧ
ѧڧ ٧ѧݧاߧڧܧ. ѧ ѧ٧֧ѧ ܧߧݧڧܧ ӧݧڧ ߧ ݧէ֧
֧ݧӧ֧ ܧѧ ҧ֧ܧ اڧ٧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ާڧߧ. ݧ֧ߧڧ, ڧӧէ֧ ҧ֧է اڧ٧ߧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧݧܧ է֧ܧڧ ѧӧ. ֧ާ ާ ҧݧ֧֧ ܧѧ ѧߧӧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ. ֧էڧ֧ܧ ڧ ܧѧ٧ѧߧڧ
ѧۧէ ֧ҧ ѧߧ ֧ߧ!
֧ݧӧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ާ֧ߧ ֧ ݧҧڧ? ѧ ҧ ߧ֧ӧ֧֧ߧߧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ ѧߧ֧, ҧ ڧ ߧ ֧ݧ ߧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ
ݧѧ : ѧ ֧֧اڧ ߧ֧ѧ, ҧѧ ڧݧѧާ ߧӧ ڧ ѧէ اڧ٧ߧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧԧԧ֧. ާڧ ڧӧܧ ? ٧ѧܧѧݧ ѧѧܧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ѧҧ ڧ֧ݧ. ߧڧԧ 2
ԧݧѧӧߧ ݧ: ӧ, ާ, , ,
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ܧ էӧ֧ڧ: , ӧ ާ֧ߧ֧
ݧߧѧ ڧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧اէ֧ߧڧ. 50 էܧѧ٧ѧߧߧ ҧ ҧ ҧ֧էڧ֧ݧߧ
֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ԧէ ѧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧڧ ڧӧܧ, է֧اѧ ҧ֧ѧߧڧ ڧݧ է֧ݧѧ , ֧ ӧ էѧӧߧ ާ֧ѧݧ
ڧ֧֧ߧڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧ֧ ԧݧӧ. 100 ѧܧ , ܧѧ է٧ߧѧߧڧ ӧݧڧ֧ ߧ ߧѧ ֧֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧݧѧ
ҧէާѧ. ѧ ӧҧէڧ ݧڧߧڧ ާݧ֧ ܧڧӧѧ ߧ ԧݧѧӧߧ
ߧܧڧӧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ܧߧݧڧܧ
٧ӧݧۧ ֧ӧԧ ݧڧ ӧѧ֧ اڧ٧ߧ
ߧݧڧܧڧ ܧ
֧ާ ާ ڧҧѧ֧ާ: ӧܧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ է֧ۧӧڧ
ڧڧߧާѧڧ
ѧާѧҧѧ. ߧڧԧ ѧѧܧ֧
ߧ ܧݧ
ߧѧڧާ֧ߧ֧ԧ ڧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
ܧ٧ڧ֧ߧڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧݧڧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧ֧ԧ ߧڧ: ߧ֧ӧߧڧ ѧާѧ٧ӧڧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧڧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ܧ
ѧۧߧѧڧ
ߧܧڧ ܧݧѧѧڧ ާ٧ԧ էݧ ҧӧѧ֧ݧ
ڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
֧ݧӧ֧ܧݧԧڧ. ѧ ߧڧާѧ ݧէ֧ ֧ӧԧ ӧ٧ԧݧէ
ڧ٧ڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ: ڧڧ, ѧߧѧݧڧ, ֧֧ܧڧӧ
֧է ֧֧ާ֧. ѧ էҧڧӧѧ ڧ٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧڧ ݧ֧ԧܧ ߧѧէݧԧ
֧ݧӧ֧ ާڧ
֧ҧ ѧߧѧӧݧڧӧѧ֧?
ߧڧ ѧާѧܧѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧է ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ ֧ܧݧѧާ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ܧߧ֧ڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ: ֧ڧ ѧާѧܧѧݧڧ٧ѧڧ
ݧѧ ܧߧڧԧ ܧԧ ӧݧڧߧڧ ߧ ݧէ֧
է ڧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ߧڧ ٧ ѧ٧ާ
ҧݧ֧ާ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ݧڧߧ
ڧܧ ѧ էէ֧اڧӧѧ ާѧܧڧާѧݧߧ ֧ܧڧӧߧ ҧ֧ ӧԧѧߧڧ
ߧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ܧ ާݧ֧ߧڧ
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧ާ ҧߧ֧
ݧѧާݧ֧ߧڧ. ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ߧѧԧ٧
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧܧ. ѧ ާ ٧էѧק , ֧ԧ ѧէѧ֧
֧էݧ֧ߧڧ ѧݧѧݧڧ ٧ѧէ֧اܧ ֧֧ӧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ է֧֧. ֧ ֧ ߧ-ڧߧ֧ԧѧڧӧߧ ݧԧ֧ѧڧ
ѧ ӧڧ ѧާ֧ߧܧ: ҧ ӧڧѧߧڧ ٧էӧԧ ԧڧ٧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
֧ܧݧѧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ: ڧݧԧڧ ҧ֧ܧߧ ֧ѧݧߧ. ߧԧѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ܧߧݧڧӧѧߧڧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ է ڧݧԧڧ. էӧ ާѧ. 1
ѧާڧ֧ݧ ڧ֧ݧ֧ߧڧ
ҧߧ. ڧߧ. ߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ
ڧߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ
֧ߧݧԧڧ ٧էѧߧڧ ܧާѧߧէ
٧ߧѧߧڧ ܧѧ ֧ݧ. ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ߧڧ ݧڧߧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާ. ݧڧ٧, ԧڧ٧, ާѧڧ
֧ۧڧݧԧڧ
ӧѧէѧڧݧ֧ߧڧ ҧ֧ܧڧӧߧԧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ ӧ֧ ߧ֧ӧߧ է֧֧ݧߧ (ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ) اڧӧߧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧڧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ: ҧѧ٧ӧѧ ֧ڧ ѧܧڧܧ
ާݧ֧ܧߧѧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ܧ֧ܧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ҧѧ ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧѧ
֧ߧܧѧ ֧ܧѧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ܧ֧ާѧݧߧ ڧѧڧ
֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ڧ ݧڧߧ ٧ѧҧ֧اߧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧާѧڧ֧ܧѧ ާ֧էڧڧߧ
֧ڧܧѧ ݧҧܧ ܧ ֧էڧߧԧ֧. ٧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧ ߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ݧاҧ. ѧҧ ֧էѧԧԧѧާ
ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ ֧ߧѧݧߧ ߧ֧ӧߧ ڧ֧ާ: ֧ҧߧ ҧڧ
֧ܧ ڧڧ ܧ ڧݧԧڧ XVIII-XIX ӧ֧ܧ
֧ӧ ߧ֧ӧߧ ڧ֧ާ
ڧ٧ڧܧ ڧڧܧ
ߧѧާڧ ߧ֧ӧߧ ڧ֧ާ ԧѧߧ ӧ
ߧӧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ. էӧ ާѧ. 1
٧ӧѧ֧ߧڧ ٧էӧ
٧ ѧܧѧ٧ӧѧ֧. է֧ݧѧ֧ ߧѧ ݧէާ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ էѧӧܧ ڧݧ ҧߧڧѧݧߧѧ ѧާ
ݧӧѧ .. ԧܧԧ
ѧۧ ӧ֧֧
ڧݧԧڧ
֧ܧѧ ڧߧ֧ӧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧ֧ܧڧ ҧߧ֧
ڧڧ֧ܧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ է֧֧ ߧާ ѧݧԧڧ
ڧ٧֧ߧڧ, ڧݧ ѧҧէ էڧѧԧߧ
ڧ է֧ӧߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ. ݧ֧ܧڧ
ڧާѧڧܧ. ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ
ѧէѧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ ߧڧ֧ܧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ߧ ڧڧܧ
-ܧݧߧѧ ߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧߧڧ ܧߧڧ
֧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ܧڧ
ѧӧڧ
ӧݧڧߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ߧ֧ԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ߧ ާѧ֧ڧѧݧߧ ӧݧ֧ߧڧ
ѧѧҧݧѧ ݧߧ֧ߧԧ ӧ֧
٧, ڧڧܧ, ٧էӧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ: ѧۧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ߧާѧݧڧ ݧڧߧ
֧ܧڧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ ܧԧ ٧էӧ էܧݧߧڧܧ ާݧѧէڧ ܧݧߧڧܧ
ާѧڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ԧߧ٧ڧӧѧߧڧ: ֧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ ҧէ֧ԧ
֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧԧڧ. 1
ѧӧߧڧ ԧӧ ڧܧ֧ܧڧ
ӧ ٧էӧާ ֧է ڧݧ ֧ߧܧѧէڧ ܧѧ ڧާѧ
ӧ֧ۧ ѧާ֧ڧܧѧߧ ԧݧѧ٧ѧާ ڧݧԧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧ֧ӧߧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ
ѧܧڧ ݧӧѧ ڧ֧ާ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧڧ
ѧѧߧѧ ާ֧. ڧڧߧ ڧݧѧܧڧܧ ѧާҧڧۧ
ާ է
ѧߧߧ էڧѧԧߧڧܧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ
ߧ֧ԧ֧ڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ ܧܧӧ ߧܧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ڧڧѧڧ
ӧ֧ӧ է֧ӧߧҧݧߧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧڧѧڧ֧ܧѧ ֧է֧ӧڧܧ
֧ܧڧ ѧҧ ԧݧӧߧԧ ާ٧ԧ
ߧӧ ڧڧէݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ܧ ҧ֧ߧڧ ԧӧ֧ߧڧ ߧ ڧߧѧߧߧ ٧ܧ
ڧ֧ѧڧ ԧѧߧڧߧ ѧۧ ߧڧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ. ݧ֧ܧڧ
ҧ ҧ֧٧ާڧ֧
ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ҧߧڧ էݧ ڧߧڧ ڧ٧ڧ֧ܧ ܧݧ
֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧѧ. ֧ߧѧݧڧ
ݧڧ ߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧ֧ѧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧѧէ ߧѧڧ
ߧէڧӧڧէѧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧ֧ߧߧ ݧڧߧ ӧѧ
ڧާ֧ڧܧ. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ާ֧ߧѧ ٧ѧӧڧڧާ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ާڧ 2009. 6
ܧӧէӧ ѧէէڧܧݧԧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧӧ
ڧݧ ߧ֧ӧڧߧߧ
ѧܧ٧ѧӧڧڧާ ܧާҧڧէߧ ѧۧӧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
֧էާѧ ӧݧߧ ڧݧԧڧ. 1-7
ڧڧѧݧߧѧ ѧէէڧܧݧԧڧ
ԧڧݧԧڧ
֧ԧ֧ѧڧӧߧ ѧۧӧ. ݧڧߧڧܧ. ڧѧԧߧڧܧ. ֧֧ߧڧ
ڧԧڧԧڧ֧ߧ ݧӧ اڧ٧ߧ
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧ާ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ܧ. 1. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ. ߧڧԧ 1
اէ֧ߧڧ ѧ٧ާ. ѧԧѧէܧ ߧѧ֧ԧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
٧ާ֧ߧ֧ߧߧ ߧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧԧӧڧڧܧ
ѧ ߧ֧ӧߧѧ է֧֧ݧߧ. ֧ҧߧڧ էݧ ӧ٧
ڧݧԧڧ ٧էӧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ: ѧݧߧ, ֧էѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ, ѧߧӧܧ
ڧݧԧڧ է֧ӧڧѧߧߧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ѧ ާ٧. ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧ֧ܧ ֧ڧܧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧ֧ܧڧ ڧڧѧڧ է֧ܧԧ ӧ٧ѧ. 1
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ߧ֧ܧ ݧ֧ܧڧ
֧ӧ٧
ڧߧ. ֧ڧ, ѧاߧ֧ߧڧ, ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧ
֧ۧڧݧԧڧ ֧, ڧާ ֧ߧڧ: ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ӧѧߧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
֧էݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧܧڧߧߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ާڧӧѧߧڧ ٧ڧ֧ݧߧ ҧѧ٧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧ֧֧ߧڧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧ߧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
ѧۧӧ ߧ
֧ӧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧݧ
ߧӧ ڧѧާѧܧ֧ѧڧ: ҧڧ էݧ ӧѧ֧
֧ݧӧ֧ — ڧݧԧڧ
ߧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ ܧѧ ڧާѧڧ֧ܧѧ ҧݧ֧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧӧݧ֧ߧڧ
֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ݧߧ ܧ
ڧ֧ާ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ާѧڧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ
ҧߧڧ ٧ѧէѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧѧߧ էڧѧҧ֧ ڧݧ ܧѧ է֧ݧѧ֧ اڧ٧ߧ ݧѧէܧ, ֧ݧ ߧ ԧܧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. 1. ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ֧ѧڧ ڧާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧ
ڧݧԧڧ էҧ ٧ݧ
է֧ҧߧѧ ܧ֧ڧ٧ ڧڧ֧ܧԧ ٧էӧ ԧѧاէѧߧܧ ֧
ڧݧԧڧ ֧էѧԧԧڧܧ
֧ܧڧ ѧާ ާާѧߧݧ ڧݧݧ֧
٧ҧѧߧߧ ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧ٧ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ. 2
֧֧ߧڧ է֧֧ ڧާѧڧ֧ܧڧާ ѧۧӧѧާ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧڧާѧߧڧ ѧӧէ
֧ܧڧ ѧҧ ҧݧڧ ݧѧڧ ԧݧӧߧԧ ާ٧ԧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧާѧڧܧ է֧֧
٧ڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧ֧ߧڧ ڧާߧԧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ է֧֧ ֧ӧԧ ԧէ اڧ٧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ է֧֧ݧߧ ҧߧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
֧էڧڧߧܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ
ܧѧݧߧ ҧݧ֧ާ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ է֧ܧԧ ӧ٧ѧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ է
ԧߧڧڧӧߧѧ ߧѧܧ. ߧӧ ڧݧԧڧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ. 2- ާѧ. I
ߧ֧ܧ ڧ֧ާߧ ߧ֧ӧ٧ѧ ڧ ѧԧ֧ߧ֧ڧ֧ܧ ݧ֧֧ߧڧ
٧ ٧ߧѧߧڧ
ѧߧѧ ֧ܧѧݧԧڧ. 2
ڧڧܧ ֧ѧݧߧ.էڧߧѧ ֧ڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ֧
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ѧܧڧܧ
ҧѧߧڧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧ 6 ާѧ. 3. ҧݧ֧ާ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧڧܧ
֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ է֧֧ݧߧ ާ٧ԧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ. ѧ ֧ӧѧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧѧܧ ڧ XX ݧ֧ڧ: ҧݧ֧ާ ֧ڧ ڧڧ
֧ѧڧ ѧۧ ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧۧߧ
ߧѧާڧ, ڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ, ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާѧߧڧݧڧ էڧߧ֧ߧڧ
֧ۧڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ ܧ ԧݧӧߧԧ ާ٧ԧ
ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧӧѧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ٧էѧӧѧߧ֧ߧڧ ҧѧ٧ӧѧߧڧ
ߧӧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ҧߧڧ
ѧ٧ާߧ ާ٧
ڧܧݧѧէߧѧ ӧ֧ߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
٧ ֧ԧ է֧֧ݧߧ
֧ӧԧ: ڧڧ ӧ֧ҧ֧ܧۧߧ ݧէ֧
ҧߧڧ ѧ֧
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ. ֧ާ
ڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧ۧڧ٧ڧݧԧڧ ݧӧߧԧ ֧ݧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧڧ֧ܧ ֧ܧݧѧާ
֧ӧѧݧԧڧ
ҧݧ֧ާ ڧݧԧڧ ߧѧէ
ӧڧԧѧ֧ݧߧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ
ݧѧڧ֧ܧڧ ݧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ܧڧ ֧֧ҧѧݧߧ ѧѧݧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
֧ӧ ާ٧, ѧӧ ާ٧. ڧާާ֧ڧ ާ٧ԧ
ߧ֧ԧѧڧӧߧѧ ڧ֧ѧڧ
ܧӧէӧ ֧ѧҧڧݧڧѧڧ ݧڧ, էӧ֧ԧڧ ֧ߧ ߧѧԧ٧ܧѧ
ԧѧߧڧ٧ѧڧߧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ӧݧ
ԧѧߧڧߧ ߧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧ ٧էӧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧէڧߧѧާڧ֧ܧڧ ާ֧ѧߧڧ٧ާ ѧէէڧܧڧ ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ܧݧ
֧ݧڧߧ֧ۧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ѧҧڧݧڧѧڧ ҧݧߧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ֧ ӧ֧ڧӧڧ ҧ֧ӧ֧ߧߧ ѧߧ է֧ۧӧڧ
ڧݧԧڧ ѧݧڧާڧ
֧٧ڧ֧ߧߧ է֧֧ڧ. ѧܧڧ֧ܧ ܧӧէӧ
ڧݧԧڧ. ӧ֧ާ֧ߧߧ ڧ֧ާ
ݧܧԧݧڧ٧ ݧѧ֧ѧݧߧѧ ٧ӧڧާ ާ٧ԧ. (֧ۧߧѧܧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ)
ڧߧ ߧ֧ӧ٧
էڧڧڧӧѧߧߧѧ ާ֧էڧܧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ էڧѧԧߧڧܧ ܧ֧ܧڧ ߧѧ֧ߧڧ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ӧڧ ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧܧڧ է֧֧
13 էڧѧݧԧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧էڧڧߧܧѧ է֧ҧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ҧѧߧڧ ڧߧ֧ߧڧ 6 ާѧ. 1
֧ۧҧڧݧԧڧ ߧ֧ۧѧާѧܧݧԧڧ ާѧ֧ڧߧܧԧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ا֧ߧڧߧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ާاڧߧ. ڧݧԧڧ֧ܧڧ ߧӧ
ާѧڧ٧ѧڧ ڧާѧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧӧ: ާߧԧѧڧ
ڧ٧ߧ֧-ڧݧԧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ݧ֧ܧߧ֧ѧݧԧѧڧ
(֧)٧ߧѧߧߧ. ѧ ҧ֧٧ߧѧ֧ݧߧ ѧӧݧ֧ ߧѧڧ ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ֧
ҧѧߧѧ ٧ѧէѧ ܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ݧ֧ܧߧ֧ѧݧԧѧڧ
٧ҧѧߧߧ է. 1
ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧѧ ާ֧اݧѧߧѧ ѧڧާާ֧ڧ. ֧ާѧڧ
ѧԧѧݧܧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
ѧڧѧڧӧߧ ѧѧ٧ڧ
֧էѧԧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧԧڧ ֧ާѧ, ѧҧݧڧѧ ߧ ѧҧݧڧѧ
٧ӧѧߧߧ ֧ߧڧѧݧ ާ٧ԧ ܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧ ѧܧڧܧ
ѧߧڧާѧ֧ݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ֧ާ ڧѧߧڧ ܧݧѧڧڧܧѧڧ ݧ֧ܧߧ֧ѧݧԧѧާ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ
ڧݧԧڧ ݧڧߧ
ߧާѧڧߧߧ ֧ ާ٧ԧ ڧڧ֧ܧѧ է֧֧ݧߧ
ѧާ ާݧ֧ߧڧ
֧ۧէ֧ԧ֧ߧ֧ѧڧӧߧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ: ԧ֧ߧާ է ֧ݧߧԧ ԧѧߧڧ٧ާ. 2
֧էڧܧ ֧էѧӧѧߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ߧܧڧߧѧݧߧѧ ѧڧާާ֧ڧ ݧѧڧ ާ٧ԧ ߧ֧٧ߧѧӧѧ֧ާ ڧڧ
40 ڧݧ֧էӧѧߧڧ, ܧ ݧ ڧݧԧڧ
ڧӧѧڧ ڧ٧֧ߧڧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
٧ ާاڧߧ, ާ٧ ا֧ߧڧߧ: ާߧԧѧڧ
ѧܧ اڧ
ѧ٧ҧڧ ٧֧ܧѧݧ. ֧ڧ ѧڧ٧ާ
ҧݧ֧ާ ѧ٧ӧڧڧ ڧڧܧ
ڧڧ֧ܧڧ ҧݧ֧٧ߧ ܧ ߧѧܧݧԧڧ
ߧӧ ߧ֧ۧڧݧԧڧ
ڧڧ֧ܧ ٧էӧ ڧ٧ӧߧԧ ܧߧڧߧԧ֧ߧ
ڧݧԧڧ ާݧ
ӧ֧է֧ߧڧ ڧѧާѧܧԧ֧ߧ֧ڧܧ
ܧ֧ڧާ֧ߧѧݧߧѧ ڧݧԧڧ
ާѧڧ٧ѧڧ ާѧާߧ ѧۧӧ
֧ ҧ֧֧է ڧݧԧڧ
ڧ٧֧ߧڧ֧ܧڧ է֧֧ܧ ٧էߧ֧ է֧ҧ ٧ѧҧݧ֧ӧѧߧڧ
٧ է. ѧ ߧ֧ӧߧѧ է֧֧ݧߧ ާڧ֧ ߧѧ ӧߧ֧ߧߧڧ ާڧ
֧ܧڧ ڧާѧڧܧ
֧ާѧڧ ڧݧԧڧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ڧݧ֧ݧԧڧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ. ߧڧߧ է ߧѧڧ էߧ֧
ڧѧԧߧڧܧ ާ֧էڧڧߧܧ ڧݧԧڧ: ѧէڧڧ ֧֧ܧڧӧ
ڧݧԧڧ
ܧӧէӧ ߧ֧ӧݧԧڧ էѧާ ڧܧ
ݧ֧ߧڧ ֧
֧ۧڧݧԧڧ֧ܧ ӧاէ֧ߧڧ է֧֧ էܧ ڧݧ֧ڧ֧
ߧӧ ҧ֧ ڧݧԧڧ
֧ӧݧԧڧ ڧڧѧڧ ܧݧڧߧڧ֧ܧڧ ڧާ֧ѧ
ڧ֧ߧߧ ӧ֧. ԧѧڧ ާڧ ڧѧ
ڧѧާѧܧ֧ѧڧ ߧ ӧڧ֧ܧڧ ѧۧ
ߧڧڧݧԧڧ
֧ѧҧڧݧڧѧڧ ߧ֧ӧݧԧڧ
ڧ ڧݧԧڧ ѧߧڧߧ է ֧֧էڧߧ ӧ֧ܧ
ݧڧߧڧ֧ܧѧ ߧ֧ӧݧԧڧ. 3 ާѧ. 1
ڧݧԧڧ ֧ݧӧ֧ܧ اէ֧ߧڧ է ާ֧
٧, ڧ֧ݧڧ ֧ҧ
֧ӧ ݧڧߧߧ
ѧܧݧԧڧ֧ܧѧ ֧ӧ֧ߧݧԧڧ: ܧӧէӧ
ҧѧ ڧݧԧڧ


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